Buddhism as a religion and philosophy comprising of a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on the teachings of the Buddha. Buddha, the founder of the Buddhism, was a practical informer. The primary aim of Buddha was to liberate from the grim reality of sorrows and sufferings. The four noble truths as laid under Buddhism are
There is sufferingwhich leads to sorrow
Desire is the cause of sorrow
One must let go the desires to get rid of the sorrow
The right way to get rid of the sufferings is the Middle Path
According to the Buddha, our failure to understand the four noble truths makes us keep running in the cycle of birth and death. The middle path is the term for the description of character of path leading to liberation. This liberation is called Nirvana implying, as mentioned above, extinction of desires and attainment of perfect state of tranquillity. Great emphasis is given to moralities, concentration and insight.
The Middle path avoided two extremes i.e. attachment to pleasures of the world and self-mortification practices. The eight fold path has been given which lead to wisdom, knowledge, enlightenment and release. This eightfold path embodies the guiding principle for the middle path. The eight fold path of Buddhism includes:
Right Understanding: Accepting Buddhist teachings by practicing and self-judgment
Right Intention: cultivation of right attitude
Right Speech: speak truth and avoidance of gossip and abusive language
Right Action: Harmonious and peaceful behaviour by refraining from overindulgence in sensual pleasure
Right Livelihood: making living by not harming others and unacceptable practices such as trading in intoxicants and weapons.
Right Effort: Cultivation of positive state of mind
Right Mindfulness: Developing awareness of body, feelings and state of mind
Right Concentration: Development of mental focus for the awareness