苏联解体、冷战格局瓦解后，整个亚太地区地缘政治格局发生了戏剧性的变化(Aqorau, 2014, 52-75页)。这两个超级大国的两极平衡结束了，从而使区域参与者能够开始一种新的权力结构来平衡权力。
The region of Asia-Pacific is considered highly dynamic and unstable today but still the institution based security available for managing tensions are weak, not existing or scattered (Aqorau, 2012). Today, the region encompasses diversity regarding rival great powers, territory based disputes, unresolved memories historically, competent ideologies politically, painful transitions in economy, shifting balances of military and diverging cultures.
After Soviet Union collapsed and cold war structures diminished, the whole geopolitical landscape nature within the Asian-Pacific region changed in a dramatic way (Aqorau, 2014, pp. 52-75). The two superpowers bipolar equilibrium came to an end consequently allowing the regional players to commence a new power configuration for balancing the power.
Historically, power was measured through military size of a nation or its economic growth. Today, however this simplistic analysis of power does not stand true. More diverse tool sets need to be taken into consideration to analyse relative power and impact of distinct actors. The Asian power based bipolar view did not fit the complex region reality and as power regionally starts becoming diverse as well as diffused in nature, bipolar view will start fitting even less.
However, it is most likely to be characterized as evolving no main conflict and the equation is apparent as a flexible equilibrium of 5 power nation’s configuration where in no individual power implies hegemony while on the other hand, China and the US continue playing dominating roles (Kang, 2007). The 5 Great powers of this region are the US, China, Japan, Russia and India which have now taken a turn towards cooperating and competing rather than confronting and colluding.
This essay has been prepared to explore the power configuration distribution among the Asia Pacific regions in order to assess the factors along with development prospects in future (Sukma, 2003). The scope of this essay further lies in acknowledging the important issues of contemporary nature that have captured more focus and issues from nations internal and external to the region with regard to Asia-Pacific power configuration.
The essay thesis statement lies in exploring power configuration among the Asia-Pacific nations and also to understand various factors especially the relationship lying between the US and China and the way in which this relationship has affected the rallying forces and has shaped the new power configuration in the region. Being said that, this essay is an attempt made to conclude through critical evaluation the current posture of ASEAN, the issues arising from the power configuration and the options for policy consideration taken through ASEAN which further contributes towards strengthening their position and role. The essay is divided into various sections with each section describing the state and extent of Asia pacific region and its players.