The authors of “Rereading America” present active reading as a prime necessity when students move from schools to college education involving more complex reading. “Active Reading” is an excerpt from “Thinking Critically, Challenging Cultural Myths”.
Firstly, the student will learn to pre-read and pre-write the text. The student should do this by first reading the outline of the content. Once the content is skimmed, then the student should read different headings and subheadings, attach importance to the introduction paragraphs and also the conclusion. At this point, student will have a good understanding of the overall argument and structure. They should then make points like an outline themselves or even write a page freely by themselves. This form of prewriting will help the student process what they will read in-depth in an improved manner.
The second aspect to follow is to mark the text and make notes. Once pre-reading and prewriting is over, significant phrases and ideas in the text must be marked. The marking of significant phrases will help in the process of mental shuttling as well. When the student are facing a difficult phrase, they will go back to read a previous section so as to understand the phrase or idea better. Students should make notes. Short descriptions must be written alongside different sections and the purpose is to aid better understanding. This helps student when they reread the text.
Students should also keep on reading journals, because it can help student think of the passages in different ways. They can draw a cartoon on the passage or think of conversations between actors in the passage. Students should actively break the rules in order to learn better.