However, this is not the situation in India, as there is heavy unemployment in the urban sector too because of the migration of rural employees and workers (Chakravarty, 1990). While industrialization has created both skilled and unskilled jobs it is not a sustainable act at the present. It is recommended that the society aims to take into account all members in its policy formation. The country will need to aim to create policy that benefits all workers, skilled and unskilled, urban workers or rural agrarian workers.
As a UN report pointed out, the country should “ensure that all members of society have their needs taken into account in policy formulation, a global deal among governments to guarantee workers’ rights and benefits around the world and a decent work agenda, that will help promote freedom of association, equity, security, and human dignity in work life”. Only then it would be able to achieve proper development as it should.
The report attempted to understand the development of India from its economic, social and human development indicators. The country while showing steady economic growth is still seen to not have a favourable index with respect to human development. The issues of unemployment and inequality exist in the country. Using the structural approach and the Lewis model the development of India from a post-Independence agrarian culture has been discussed.
The report identifies that India was a more closed economy until the 1990 when it restricted trade to similar developing nations as itself. However, after the 1990 it has developed import export relations with the developed nations also. While this has supported its industrial growth immensely, the growth has not been translated onto the agrarian sector. This leads to situation of unemployment in the agro sector. Skilled employees and unskilled one migrate to the urban areas in search of jobs However, since the industrial sector is also dependent on the agricultural sector the unemployment issues also continue into urban areas. Hence, it is recommended that India has to find a sustainable solution to the problem by balancing development in both urban industrial sectors and its agrarian sector. It cannot afford to tradoff development initiatives in either. Secondly the issues of inequality in development needs to be addressed