作者Casey Straud是美国劳德代尔堡诺瓦东南大学心理研究中心的临床心理学研究员。该研究报告的合著者玛丽·麦克诺顿-卡西尔和罗伯特·福尔曼是美国德克萨斯大学圣安东尼奥分校UTSA Circle One心理学系的研究人员。本文发表于2015年《个性与个体差异》第83卷。本文试图识别应对的性格方面。探讨了积极应对和预防应对两种不同的应对方法。作者利用实验数据分析了五因素模型(FFM)在积极应对和预防应对中的作用。该实验包括251名参与者，他们被委托完成很少的具体问卷。本研究结果显示五种人格特质均与积极应对及预防性应对有显著相关。此外，研究证明，开放性和自觉性是两种应对方式的外推，而神经质和外向性只是前摄型应对的外推。这篇研究论文是对我自己研究课题方向的一个有价值的补充，使我对课题的理解更加清晰。
巴特利,c, E。罗施(2011)。应对日常压力:责任心的作用。人格与个体差异，50(1)，79-83。doi: 10.1016 / j.paid.2010.08.027。
这篇研究论文的作者Carrie E. Bartley和Roesch, Scott C是美国圣地亚哥州立大学心理学系的研究人员。本文发表于《个性与个体差异》第50卷第1期。1. 本文主要研究当代大学生所面临的心理困境的上升。学生的压力水平越高，可能与愤怒、暴力、焦虑和抑郁等心理指标的表现增加有关。新环境和缺乏支持成为学生应对能力薄弱的新压力源。本研究的重点是研究详细的应对方式对积极情绪(PA)和责任心(C)之间关系的影响。测量每天的压力源以及应对这些压力源的策略。参与者还被要求完成五因素人格模型的实验。“以问题为中心”的处理方式适度促进了C和PA之间的联系。本研究的结果将有助于我对这一课题研究的理论理顺和理解。
The author Casey Straud is researcher at Clinical Psychology, Center for Psychological Studies, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, United States. The co-authors Mary McNaughton-Cassill & Robert Fuhrman are researchers at Psychology Department, One UTSA Circle, University of Texas at San Antonio, United States. This paper was published in the 83rd volume of journal “Personality and Individual Differences” in 2015. The paper attempts to recognize dispositional facets of coping. The two different methods of coping are explored by the authors namely, the proactive coping and the preventative coping. The experimental data is used by the authors to analyse the part played by the Five Factor Model (FFM) in both proactive coping as well as preventative coping. The experiment involved 251 participants, which were entrusted to complete few specific questionnaires. Outcomes of this research demonstrates meaningful correlation between all the five personality characteristics with proactive as well as preventative coping. Furthermore, the research proves that the Openness to Experience and Conscientiousness were extrapolative for both methods of coping, whereas Neuroticism and Extraversion were merely extrapolative of the proactive type of coping. The research paper is a valuable addition in the direction of my own research topic and streamlining the understanding the subject with more clarity.
Bartley, C. E., & Roesch, S. C. (2011). Coping with daily stress: The role of conscientiousness. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(1), 79–83. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.08.027.
The authors of this research paper, Carrie E. Bartley and Roesch, Scott C, are researchers at the Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, United States. This paper was published in the journal “Personality and Individual Differences”, 50th volume, issue no. 1. The paper concentrates on the rise of psychological distress faced by the modern day college students. The greater stress levels among the students could be associated by the increased demonstration of psychological indicators, like anger, violence, anxiety and depression. The new environment and lack of support act as new stressors which makes coping capabilities of students weak. This research focus on examining the impact of detailed coping approaches on the association among positive affect (PA) and Conscientiousness (C). The experiment was conducted with 366 individuals of multi-ethnic group consisting of Caucasian, Asian American, Hispanic and African American participants. The daily stressors were measured along with the coping tactics that could be used to handle those stressors. The participants were also made to accomplish the experiment of the Five-Factor Model of Personality. The “Problem-Focused” coping moderately facilitated the association amongst C and PA. The results of this research would help to rationalise and comprehend the theories for my study of the topic.