Mumbai is a city which lies on the western coast of India. Till the early 16th century it was just the fishing village which was surrounded by a number of islands. After this, the city was relinquished by the Portuguese in the year 1630. The population of the city had vitally increased by 1864 and had reached to the mammoth amount of 817,000. With the further growth of the urban economy and the development of the number of manufacturing unit, Mumbai emerged as the second largest centre for the commercial development after Calcutta. The population of the city further kept on increasing and the city became more and more industrialized. Due to this, a large number of skilled and unskilled people began to shift to Mumbai from all the places of India. A continuous growth was observed in the manufacturing sector and the chemical industries as well. The continuous industrialization called for more and more labour force. This initially gave rise to what is observed as the slums in the present day.
Reasons for the poor sanitation in Mumbai Slums
Due to the unavailability of the proper toilets a number of people including women have to use open land for the defecating. When women are doing these things in open, it also counts against their safety. It has been found that most of the people in these slums eat very less so that they need not to face these problems in the open.