Now in the context of understanding things systematically, people turn to problems that have been encountered by others in a similar way. For instance, the problem of falling asleep is nothing new or it is only me who has faced it. It is quite a common problem (Jenkins, et al., 1988). Therefore, the answers for the problem can be consulted with existing literature as well. However, what applies for other situations needs not be true here. It could so happen that my case could in fact be much different. Therefore, a simple way to identify the situation is to conduct an experiment on myself. What is true for others needs not be true within my subjective world. However, instead of self-reporting, having a systematic way to conduct the experiment would be much more helpful (Jorgensen, 1989).
The way that this experiment will be done is by means of self-observation and reporting. In self-observation, three independent variables and dependent variable have been identified. The independent variables are those variables in research that can changed by the researcher. These are variables that are necessary for any form of experiment. The independent variables are those variables that can be changed in a research in order to assess the effects on the dependent variables (Ritchie et al., 2013). On the other hand, the dependent variable is one that is measured and whose values cannot be changed by the researcher but will in fact be changed because of the influence of the independent variables only (Fraenkel et al., 1993). The dependent variable that is being recorded is “time to sleep”. The difficulty level to fall asleep is assessed by means of the time taken to sleep. When a person takes more time to sleep, then it would mean that the person has more difficult falling asleep and when the person falls asleep with lesser time, then it would mean that the person is able to fall asleep with less difficulty.
The experiment will help in making better decisions for the purpose of understanding how I can plan to sleep better later on. The independent variables that are being understood in the context of research are of three different types. Firstly, the independent variable selected is reading. I usually read something in the night, and I would like to know if my reading affects my time to sleep.