它成立于2016年，全球约有4100万5岁以下的儿童超重或肥胖。肥胖的状况不仅在高收入国家出现，而且在发展中国家和城市地区也可以迅速观察到。 2016年，确定约有3.4亿儿童和年轻人肥胖。他们在5-19岁年龄段。在澳大利亚统计局于2010年进行的“澳大利亚进步措施”中，约四分之一的澳大利亚儿童肥胖。这是大约60万5至17岁年龄段的儿童（澳大利亚统计局，2010年）。从1995年起，这一数字急剧上升，当时肥胖率下降了5.2％，2007年则下降了7.5％。现在的数字更多（澳大利亚健康和福利协会，2017年）。近三分之二的成年人肥胖，四分之一的儿童肥胖，导致创纪录的肥胖相关行动，以减少儿童的直接风险和长期健康风险（澳大利亚健康和福利研究院，2017年AIHW） 。在这种情况下，了解肥胖的原因就变得有意义了。饮食行为，遗传学等等都是广泛的原因。 Papandreou等人（2013年）和James＆Kerr（2005年）等研究文献中指出的一个更具体的原因是软饮料。关于这个问题的作者和研究文献，将这些软饮料称为甜含糖饮料SSB。这篇文章旨在强调这些SSBs是导致学龄儿童儿童肥胖的主要原因之一。本文讨论了这种肥胖症的影响，以及如果SSBs未得到控制会发生什么。
It was established as of the year 2016 that around 41 million children in the world who are under the age group of 5, were either overweight or were obese. The condition of obesity is not only observed in high income nations, but also is observed in developing nations and urban settings on a rapid scale. In 2016, it was established that around 340 million children and young adults were obese. They were in the age group of 5-19. In the ‘Measures of Australia’s Progress’ conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 2010, around a quarter of Australian children were obese. This was around 600,000 children between the age group of 5 and 17 years (Australian Bureau of Statistics ABS, 2010). This was a sharp increase from 1995, when obesity was lesser by 5.2 percent, and in 2007, when it was lesser by 7.5 percent. Now the numbers are more (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare AIHW, 2017). Almost 2 in 3 adults are obese and 1 in 4 children are obese, resulting in a record number of obesity related operations to reduce both immediate risks and long-term risks in health for the children (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare AIHW, 2017). In this context, it becomes pertinent to understand the causes of obesity. Eating behaviour, genetics and more are broad categories of causes. A more specific cause as identified in research literatures like Papandreou et al., (2013) and James & Kerr (2005) is soft drinks. The authors and research literature on the subject, term these soft drinks as sweetened sugary beverages SSBs. The essay aims to highlight these SSBs as one of the prominent cause of childhood obesity in children of school going age. The essay discusses the effects of such obesity and what could happen if SSBs were not brought under control.