本篇文章主要分析为什么提高退休年龄，支持提高退休年龄的另一个原因是，经验的范围可以帮助雇主从老年劳动力中获益。15%已经退休的老年工人可以在美国重新就业(Cahill et al .， 2011a)。这表明了对有特定工作经验的老年工人的需求。因此，提高退休年龄是可行的。年长员工不仅可以向新员工传授知识，还可以帮助组织满足对有能力和经验的人力资源的需求(Gahill, Giandrea, and Quinn, 2015)。与此同时，关注更大劳动力池的雇主积极提高退休年龄(Ghilarducci, 2015)。本篇论文代写价格文章由澳洲论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理，供大家参考阅读。
Another reason that supports the increase in retirement ages is that the scope of experience can help employers to gain benefit from the older workforce. 15% of older workers who have retired can be rehired in the United States (Cahill et al, 2011a). This shows that there is a demand for older workers who have employment experience in particular jobs. Therefore, it could be feasible to increase retirement ages. Older workers can not only impart knowledge to new employees, but also can help the organization to fulfil the demand of competent and experienced human resources (Gahill, Giandrea, and Quinn, 2015). At the same time, employers who focus on larger labor pool actively raise the retirement age (Ghilarducci, 2015).
Increasing retirement ages plays essential role in the society. Firstly, it is necessary to increase retirement ages in order to maintain productivity in an aging society, as the employees can continue to contribute to the society (Gahill, Giandrea, and Quinn, 2015). Moreover, increasing retirement age could be effective to cut Social Security benefits, reducing the government’s expenditure in this domain (Ghilarducci, 2015).
The most important advantage of increasing retirement age is that poverty could be decreased by providing continuous work opportunities to the older population (Perun & Dilley, 2011; Gahill, Giandrea, and Quinn, 2015). It has been reported that majority of older Americans retire at the normal retirement age or earlier (Gahill, Giandrea, and Quinn, 2015). Instead of providing them with social security and government’s support which involves tax money paid by the public, a better approach to manage the poverty that results from retirement is to offer them work opportunities. Rising retirement ages could improve social productivity, and reduce payroll tax rate (World Bank, 1994; OECD, 2002). Besides, increasing retirement age alleviates the pressure on living retired life, and it provides enough time to adjust to the changes occurring in the different strata of the population (Gahill, Giandrea, and Quinn, 2015). Furthermore, the employers may be motivated to increase the retirement age due to depreciated skills and a weak labor market (Gahill, Giandrea, and Quinn, 2015).