lun wen:中国企业在海外上市过程中的机制、优势和劣势

lun wen:中国企业在海外上市过程中的机制、优势和劣势

对中国企业在海外上市过程中的机制、优势和劣势进行了较为详细的分析。

lun wen:中国企业在海外上市过程中的机制、优势和劣势

进入伦敦,有三个市场:主要市场,目标市场和地标市场。许多较大的中国公司选择在主要市场投资。入市程序因上市公司和需要交易的证券而异。第一步是指定在英国上市管理局(UKLA)或证券上市的保荐人。随后需要显示这些公司过去业绩的财务记录。这些公司需要在UKLA注册才能拥有上市公司的股票。他们需要遵守伦敦的信息披露政策和法律。要进入美国市场,中国企业首先要做的就是通过IPO(首次公开募股)筹集资金(Hope, Kang and Kim, 2013)。第二种途径是寻求以普通股形式上市,或者通过反向并购交易进入。反向合并交易与IPO的概念相反。对上市公司的收购是由一家私人公司完成的,他们可以绕过漫长而复杂的上市过程。这就要求公司在收购公司的过程中重新组织公司结构和资金。对于欧洲市场而言,存在全球存托凭证的使用(Pan and Brooker, 2014)。这些是投资者可以在国外市场,特别是欧洲市场上使用的储藏方法。直接投资是在国外市场购买股票的方法。

lun wen:中国企业在海外上市过程中的机制、优势和劣势

A more detailed analysis of the mechanism, advantages and disadvantages of the Chinese enterprises in these overseas listing processes has been explained in the following.

lun wen:中国企业在海外上市过程中的机制、优势和劣势

To enter into London, there are three markets it is Main market, AIM market and LandMARK market. Many of the larger Chinese companies choose to invest in the main markets. The admission process varies based on the listing and the securities that need to be traded. The first step is to appoint sponsors who are listed in the UK Listing Authority (UKLA) or securities. Subsequently financial records of the companies past performances need to be shown. The companies need to register in UKLA to have stock in the listed companies. They need to adhere to the disclosure policies and the legislation of London. To enter into the United States markets the first route that the Chinese companies undertake is issuance of IPO (Initial Public Offering) to raise the capital (Hope, Kang and Kim, 2013). The second route is that they seek a listing in the forms of ordinary shares or try to enter through reverse merger transactions. The reverse merger transactions are the opposite notion of IPO. Acquisition of the public company is done by a private company for which they can bypass lengthy complicated process of going public. This requires the companies to reorganize their corporate structure and capital for the process of acquiring the company. For the European markets, there is the use of Global Depository receipts (Pan and Brooker, 2014). These are the depository recipes which are available to the investors that they use in the foreign markets typically the markets of Europe. Direct investing is the ways of acquiring stocks in the foreign markets.