Sierra Leone is a very good example for water management. A country where around one fourth of the rural population has access to safe drinking water, Solar Water Project (Solawata) was implemented. The public in different cities in Sierra Leone was relied on water sachets for meeting their daily fresh water requirements. With the implementation of Solawata, the price of water was considerably reduced. The Solawata was priced based on the initial security fee that was for the containers. This ensured that the container was actually used for Solawata. The water was dispensed in five gallon and one gallon. Secondly, there was small fee for container refilling. Solawata was not only a way to meet the daily water requirement, but also contribute to improve the health of the public in the countries.
One of the important aspects in this project is the involvement of public. Firstly, the low prices ensured the society as a whole was benefitted. Secondly, it contributed to the health of the public. Lastly, the pricing of Solawata was also considerably low in comparison to plastic sachet. It is important to note that although the pricing of the Solawata is in range, it is subjected to demand. Thus, marketization has been ensured wherein the cost is borne by all the stakeholders.
One of the aspects that have been raised by the community includes certain factors that will be considered and suitably incorporated. This was related to reducing the size of the packaging so that it becomes convenient to handle and has greater reach in terms of population and area. However, certain concerns have been there in such implementation which forbade distribution of Solawata in sachets.
Based on the above discussion, it can be said that the project incorporated marketization and participation as discourse for the implementation of the project as part of the measures taken under policy framework to develop sources for safe drinking water for the public. This is to say that the water was priced, but at the same time, it was community owned and not privatized. This ensured wastage of water as resource was not there and at the same time the concern for public by not privatizing Solawata was also taken into consideration. Therefore, Solawata was based on the discourse of scarcity of resources which led to marketization and participation. This case is very good example of how the disclosures lead to the implementation of in developing water governance policy.