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澳洲代寫essay如何寫Reference

澳洲留學生的essay寫作中有一個很重要的組成部分就是reference,它的格式是否正確直接影響著essay的整體質量。所以,熟練掌握reference的寫作格式是非常重要的。澳洲各大學常用兩種Reference系統,第一,哈佛大學文獻參考系統;第二,APA系統。那我們的代寫essay老師就以哈佛大學文獻參考系統為例,向同學們介紹下澳洲留學生essay中Reference的寫作要點。

一、正文中

與中文文獻引用不同,外國文獻的以用方法更注重自己的理解和歸納。我們在寫中文論文時對於引用的觀點通常是直接照搬,但是在國外則不行,必須要自己去歸納,盡量不要照搬原文。另外,文中引用Reference時還需要加強對以下幾點的重視。

第一,文中不可出現作者的姓名。若文中需要對他人的觀點進行引用則需要在文末以()的方式對作者姓名、出版年份等情況進行標註。例如:Making reference topublished work appears to be characteristic ofwriting for a professionalaudience (Cormack 1994).

第二,文中儲蓄作用的名字。若正文中出現了作者名字,則需要在名字後邊加(),並且需要在括號內標註年份。例如:Cormack (1994, p.32-33) statesthat ‘whenwriting for a professional readership, writers invariably make referencetoalready published works’.

第三,其他情況。若同一個作者在同一年內出版了兩本書,則需要在括號內進行標註,例如2015年,就需要這樣標註(A​​uthor2015a) 或 (Author2015b);

二.文末

文章的最後需要對引用的參考文獻進行羅列,英文essay中Reference的羅列並非像中文那樣以1、2、3、4的形式進行標記,而只需要按照正文的引用次序進行排列就可以。具體的引用格式如下:

第一,引用書籍。姓氏,名字的首個大寫字母., 年份. 書本名稱(斜體).第幾版. 出版社地點:出版社.頁碼.

第二,引用期刊。姓氏,名字的首個大寫字母., 年份. 文章名.期刊名(斜體),第幾卷(Volume)第幾期(number),頁碼.

第三,醫用報紙上的文章。姓氏,名字的首個大寫字母., 年份. 文章名.報紙名(斜體),改文章發表的日期,頁碼.

第四,引用網上下載的論文或者是電子雜誌。姓氏,名字的首個大寫字母., 年份. 文章名.期刊名(斜體),第幾卷(Volume)第幾期(number),頁碼. 網址.

若引用的文章有兩個作者,則需要以and 或者&對兩個作者的名字進行連接;若引用的文章有三個或三個以上的作者,則需要在列出第一個作者之後,加et al.

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essay代写-会计报告一体化的优势

本篇是讲会计报告一体化的优势,随着会计报告一体化的趋势,非会计组织和会计组织在指导非财务报告的会计准则上存在着碎片化的规定。在澳大利亚实施时,支离破碎的监管格局将导致为满足若干最佳实践标准而付出高昂的合规成本。企业报告最终变得向后看,长和断开,与不良的设备反映价值驱动因素,无形资产和满足每一个利益相关者的每一个需求极其普遍(Simnett, 2011)。关于合法性的斗争和关于合法性的限制,在澳大利亚为新的报告模式、制度创新和新的出现标准制定者创造了机会。本篇essay代写文章由澳洲论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

In accompany with the trend of integrated reporting, there lies a fragmented establishment in standards of reporting by non-accountancy and accountancy organizations for guiding non- finance based reporting. When applied in Australia, the landscape of fragmented regulation will lead towards high cost of compliance for meeting the several standards of best practice. Corporate reports have ended up becoming backward looking, long and disconnected, with the ill- equipment for reflection of value drivers, intangible assets and extremely general for meeting each and every need of the stakeholder (Simnett, 2011). The struggles regarding legitimacy, and limits regarding legitimacy, have been creating opportunities in Australia for new models of reporting, innovations of institution, and new setters of standard for emergence.
There might be an acquiring, maintenance, loss and regain of significant audience exercising evaluation and judgment for determining acceptability related to a base of knowledge or settler of standard in Australia (Romi, 2014). Further ahead, the setters of standard will organize activities for the establishment of legitimacy by significant authority, procedural due process, and substantive due process. Hence, a number of factors will be considered to enjoy maximum scope of success.
Overall, it can be stated that the company of RIO Tinto will enjoy higher scope of clarity and integrity by the adoption of integrated reporting. The process of adoption will involve two main phases that are phase of emergence and the phase of implementation. The first one will be inclusive of documentation in association with the needs of integrated reporting frame and making a move towards emergence after the inertia (Simnett, 2011). The second phase will involve networking of key actors, mobilizing resources, and interacting in the space of regulation for changing institutions.

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代寫論文-公共選擇理論

本篇文章主要講述的是公共選擇理論,否則,這就不能被認為是在一個特定的社區內誘導不受管制的組織為其提供足夠的利潤。提供這類服務和商品的公司常常獲得特許經營權和許可證,以防止競爭。監管的權威性允許組織在受保護的市場平台內設定超出平均成本的價格,以覆蓋目標社區內的損失。通過這種特定的方式,商業組織被允許盈利,並確實保證以合理的利率獲得總體回報。本篇代寫論文文章由澳洲論文通AssignmentPass輔導網整理,供大家參考閱讀。

Otherwise, this cannot be considered as sufficiency profitable for inducing unregulated organization for their provision within a specific community. Companies providing these types of services and goods are often provided with franchises and licenses for the prevention of competition. The authority of regulation allows organizations for setting prices beyond the average cost set within the protected market platform for coverage of losses within the community of target. In this specific manner, the business organizations are allowed for earning and indeed guaranteeing an overall return at reasonable rate.
Considering its criticism, there is mostly a contrasting of the public interest theory with public choice theory. The public choice theory can be considered as highly cynical related to the motives and behaviours of the government, while seeing regulation to have social inefficiency. In addition, as per Stigler, there can be capturing of regulation through incumbent organizations for protecting the market such that new competitors are not able to enter it. It is the belief of several critics that this will be taking place when the public ends up demand a better efficiency of allocations.
The economic interest group theory mentions that regulations are a combination of policies driven out of the forces of demand and supply. There is placement of the government on the side of supply while the interest groups are on the side of demand. The theory mentions that there is development of regulation through the industry, and that the key goal of regulations is for creating benefits to the concerning industry. The establishment of this theory took place in the year 1971 by the consideration of economic theory of regulation and Chicago theory of government. These regulations are also operated and there seems to be no involvement of external mechanisms. Under this claim, the government has been allowing the stakeholder groups of the industry for having key participation in the economic matters in concern with decision making that impact each and every sector of the economy.
The key suggestion of this theory is that the representative groups within the decision making of government have to be of small size for the reduction of running expenses. Further ahead, producers may consider the organization of themselves with more readiness in comparison with the consumers. The key notion is that producers can consider an easy regulation of activities faster in comparison with the key consumer. In addition, the phenomena of cross subsidization are in consideration within the theory.
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悉尼代写-种族主义对国际学生的影响

本篇文章主要讲种族主义对国际学生的影响,主人对国际学生的接受度已被确定为国际学生满意度的重要组成部分。然而,在美国的一些国际学生的研究突出了冷漠和不友好的寄宿社区,与他们很难取得联系(周和科尔,13)。种族主义导致严重影响社区的福祉和受害者的福祉。除此之外,学生们还面临着其他问题,因为他们没有准备好如何被对待,尤其是在一个多元化和开放的环境中。这就导致了教育范围的扩大。本篇悉尼代写文章由澳洲论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

Receptivity of host towards international student has been identified as a significant component for satisfaction of international student. However, a number of studies across international students in the US have highlighted indifferent and unfriendly host community, with whom there is hard achievement of contact (Zhou and Cole, 13). Racism leads towards affecting both severely, the well- being of community and the well- being of victims. Apart from this, students face additional issues due to lack of preparation regarding how they are being treated, specifically in an environment of major diversity and openness. This results in perpetrating the scope of education.
Racism has had a major effect on the overall well- being of international students living miles away from their home. This involves the carry forward of several implication when strategy interacts, while the events of racism result in the creation of demoralization. There lies a tendency to involve collective defensiveness, with the urgent need to look for safety measures and to strengthen the identified group. Since the last 50 years, the population of international students enrolling in the universities of US has steadily increased, irrespective of certain fluctuations involved. The data according to the Institutive of International Education Open Doors depicts that the United States of America has been hosting international students from every country across the globe (Ejiofo, 22). However, it has been identified as well that international students hold the tendency of bonding together, while having a more meaningful and broader intercultural experience across the campus in comparison with the domestic student, in the lack of any deep engagement with the culture of host country (Lee, 30). There has been identification of highly extensive areas of conflict in academic like styles of learning, independence vs. collaboration, levels of participation and learning.
A number of international students face struggle in looking for the appropriate services and support. There is a major issue of social isolation, under separation from the networks of support and family, and there is adaptation of life across an unfamiliar national background, taking a toll over the mental health of several international students (Christina, 107). The universities and colleges of USA are highly diversified that ever and yet, a number of episodes related to racism keep taking place at alarming rates. The presently unrest events at the Missouri University is just the most recent and high profile case for incidents charged by racism recently. A large population of students marched across the campus of University of California protesting for a one month earlier event in which students were wearing blackface to a fraternity party with the theme of Kanye West (Hiraldo, 7). The leaders of student at the University of Southern California have placed a major demand for actions against a case in which an Indian American had been accosted with a slur of racism, throwing a drink at her.

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代寫essay-性別的概念

本篇文章主要講述在這些研究中,男性的角色和男子氣概幾乎變得不為人知。女性認同與男性認同的關係及其差異需要成為研究的重點。男子氣概的原則理論方法已成為“關鍵問題”的一個整體焦點。很明顯,應該發展基於實踐的理論,包括男性化、女性化意識形態、文本、人工製品和情境知識的變量(Lewis & Simpson, 2010)。本篇代寫essay文章由澳洲論文通AssignmentPass輔導網整理,供大家參考閱讀。

In these studies the role of the men and masculinity becomes almost invisible. Female identity and the male identity relations and their differences need to be the focal point of the studies. The principle theoretical approach to masculinity has become an integral focal point towards the “critical issue”. It is evident that there should be the development of practice based theory that encompasses the variables of masculinity, femininity ideology, texts, artifacts and the situated knowledge (Lewis & Simpson, 2010).
In the early 1970s the notion of gender was largely focused on the women in the societies. It was a large focal point towards the issues of women empowerment. There are limited or no discussion of the interrelationship between the genders and the social construct.
“Sociobiological approach” can be explained as a shared assumption in the society it is determined the notion of gender is based on biological construction of the body. Darwin’s evolutionary theory also points towards the fact that the men in the societies have a natural masculinity and there is evolutionary pressure on the human race. It is assumed that biologically men have innate aggressiveness and territoriality. It is assumed that the men in the societies must act in a certain manner and they should ensure that they meet these norms. Using the advantage of biological aggressiveness that is expected to be a part of the man they started to exercise control over the women. It was considered normative that the men are aggressive and the women should yield to the needs. These were normalized in the societies. These established normative principles in the societies were threatened by the notion of any difference in the attitude of the men. There is a radical dichotomy that rose as a result of this normative principle in the male and female relationship (Bruni, Gherardi & Poggio, 2004). The metaphor that the body is a machine that is capable of thought in only one predominate direction leads to significant confusion in the identity politics. Men were considered to be predators that had the role of conquering and preserving. This was ingrained in the societies. This was the fundamental sociobiological approach that was found in the masculinity studies. Malinowski’s and Margaret Mead’s anthropological studies also reiterated that the human followed the particular norms. Ralph Linton (1936) was one of the initial theorists who had proposed the role in which the people play under the ideals of gender. The flexible interpretations were also explained in this theory.
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