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澳洲代写价格-《公司法》中董事的职责

本文主要讲述《公司法》中董事的职责,根据《公司法》第180条的法定职责,董事在作出商业决策时应谨慎和勤勉,以确保存在客观的谨慎标准。第181条规定,董事必须诚实行事,并必须有适当的目的和意图。第182条规定,董事不得滥用其在公司内的职位优势。第183条在类似的说明中指出,董事不应以不当的方式利用他们收到的信息。刑事罪行也列于第184条之下。本篇澳洲代写价格文章由澳洲论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

Under statutory duties section 180 of the corporation Act, the director should exercise care and diligence in his business decision making such that an objective standard-of-care exists. The section 181 states that director must act in good faith and must act with a proper purpose and intention. Section 182 specifies that the director must not abuse their position advantage within the company and in a similar note, section 183 states that they should not make use of information they receive in an improper manner. Criminal offenses are also laid out under section 184.
Under the common-law duties of acting in good faith, it could be said one of the director was not exercising good faith. A director has to be honest and open in any situation. In the case of Bill, it could be said he was not being honest and upfront. Bill was a majority shareholder in a resort in Broome where the new AGM meeting was being planned. Furthermore, it is identified that the vast majority of them were situated elsewhere and only two of the directors were actually situated in Broome. In the advice to Lucy, a breach of common law according as per duty to act bona fide for the interests of the company is recommended to be raised in the court. As cases like Whitehouse v Carlton Hotel Pty Ltd (1987) 162 CLR 285.
Walker v Wimborne (1976) 137 CLR 1 show this could be held as a breach in the court, because the director Bill did not exercise the rational judgment that anybody else would have exercised in the same situation. He was not honest and did not act in good faith as it appears he seemed to have acted with his own profit agenda in mind. This was not coherent with the maximization of benefits for the company or the best interests of the company. This is evident in the monetary loss the company would have to suffer when the AGM was shifted to Broome. The costs of taking the flight and accommodation put the amount to the AGM being held in Broome around $20,000 more, compared to holding it in Canberra. Section 180 of the objective standard of care and section 181 requiring action in good faith, under statutory duties has hence been breached in the same principle.

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论文代写价格-调解的流程和目的

本文主要讲述调解的流程和目的,对于Len,我们将建议双方放弃任何潜在的利益冲突。中介人是参与过程的中立方。调解的优点是它比实际的诉讼程序更便宜、更快。与调解不同,调解不涉及发表任何意见。这是有关各方作出决定的问题。这可以是一个优势或劣势,根据情况而定。调解人应当采用正式的调解程序。适用统一法、欧盟调解指令和国际规则。如国际刑事法院规则或其他非正式调解规则等正式程序可在当事各方同意的情况下适用。这确保了这一进程的协调。本篇论文代写价格文章由澳洲论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

To Len, it will be advised that the parties should waive of any potential conflict of interest. Mediator is a neutral party that is involved in the process. Advantages of Mediation are that it is cheaper and faster than actual litigation process. Unlike conciliation, mediation is not about giving any opinion. It is about the parties reaching a decision. This can be an advantage or disadvantage based on the situation. Mediators should use formalized procedures for conciliation. UNICTRAL, European Union directive for mediation and international rules are applied. Formalized procedures like ICC rules or other informal mediation rules can be applied if the parties involved in the process give consent. This ensures that harmonization of the process is entailed.
Disadvantages of mediation are that there is no formal discovery process. Mediation does not guarantee a solution or stand. Settlement is not guaranteed in this process. Even during the mediation process, the stakeholders involved can file litigation and arbitration. Legal precedent from previous cases of mediation cannot be applied. It is only an informal channel that has been used for cheaper expediency process.
To conclude, mediation should be used in places to avoid costs and reduce litigation times. It is a very flexible process that allows the parties to form their own unique set of contractual terms and agreement. There are a number of advantages to this process. Nevertheless, it also has some inherent issues. Mediation should be the first form of legal remedy employed in cases of any issues by the parties before filing for arbitration.
Issue that has been identified in this case is that the merchandise had become damaged during the course of transportation. S20 states that the risks involved in the transport process are with the seller. Transportation was subcontracted to YSL (Yorkshire shipping limited). The shipper in this case is Moore steel and the Ship owner is YSL. These are potential issues. Purpose of this analysis is to find ways in which Moore Steel can claim from YSL for the liabilities incurred and remedies that are sanctioned by law. Small prints in the Incoterms allow mandates to change based on the nature of the merchandise. Precedent set in the case of Grant v Norway sets the precedent of what factors are considered in the case. While the actual precedent set by the case is debated in the modern times. Factors considered in the bill of lading have been clearly elucidated in this case.

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代寫論文費用-網絡身份盜刷問題

本篇文章主要講述的是網絡身份盜刷問題,當攻擊者是黑客專家時,他們可以偽造數據庫系統,為人們創造新的身份。這可能導致大規模的破壞,甚至恐怖分子滲透到該系統。人們使用許多邪惡的技術來偽造身份。個人必須保護自己免受這些形式的身份劫持。身份盜竊可能會影響到任何人口統計數據。在這一過程中,人員機構和所有參與該過程的其他利益相關者應共同努力,確保這一過程得到控制。本篇代寫論文費用文章由澳洲論文通AssignmentPass輔導網整理,供大家參考閱讀。

Sometimes when the assailants are experts in hacking they can forge into the database systems and create new identity for the people. This can cause large scale damage and even terrorist infiltration into the system. People use a number of nefarious techniques in order to falsify identities. Individuals have to protect themselves from these forms of identity hijackers. Identity theft can potentially affect any demographics. In this process the people agencies and all the other stakeholders involved in the process should work together to ensure that this is under control.
From existing research statistics hence, it is evident that there is rising concerns of identity theft. Identity theft is multifaceted and is pervasive and has impacted all facets of the society. So the controls for the crime exists not only at the cyber police level, but action should be undertaken by the society as a whole. Controlling of identity theft needs to be effected through institutions and individual people. At institutional level basic protocols are being presented by organizations to protect their end user identity in the form of accessibility and authorization protocols. There is firewall protected systems, protected router systems, anti-virus software’s such as Mc-Afee and Norton and more.
At the individual level, sharing of private and confidential information must be avoided. Most organizations, institutions and the Government advise people on the issues of accessibility and more. Awareness programs and mails are send to people about scammers that can collect identity details. For instance, in the context of banks, basic customer identification is used along with some detailed add on programs in order to protect the id details of the customer (Madsen, et al, 2005).
Yet another important person, and agency involved are the software developers. They work on developing the right technology for controlling assailants who probe into confidential data. They work on developing software according to the identified identity threats, based on the legal heuristics. These data protection companies usually work with government agencies in the form of cohorts too (Brody et al, 2007).
Identity theft task forces have been operational since 2007. It is the duty of these task forces to prevent consumer data from entering criminal hands. The task force makes it difficult for the person who stole the identity to use the identity. It works with potential victims to assist in the detection of the identity theft. Also it works with individuals and organizations to help deter identity theft (Finklea, 2014).
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代写价格-社会经济因素对学生的影响

本篇文章主要讲述的是社会经济因素对学生的影响,相反,美国学校的学生人数只有一半,这使得老师们更容易集中精力在学生身上。此外,所有的老师都很有同情心,他们试图了解学生的需求。从我个人的观察来看,s老师是班级里最优秀的老师。她允许我们叫她s小姐,因为她的名字很长,很难发音。她最体贴的举动是当我们有一个漫长的考试时,在考试大厅给我们带来食物,如披萨,零食和南瓜派。本篇代写价格文章由澳洲论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

On the contrary, the number of students was half at the American school this made it easier for the teachers to concentrate on their students. Furthermore, all the teachers were very empathetic and they tried to understand the needs of students. From personal observations, it was felt that Miss S. was the most exceptional teacher who had taught in the classes. She allowed us to call her as Miss S. because she had a lengthy name, and it was difficult to pronounce. Her most thoughtful acts were bringing food to us such as pizza, snacks and pumpkin pies at the examination hall when we had a lengthy exam.
She did this to reduce our anxiety at the exam. During the class, she used to teach us making Jack-o’-lantern with pumpkin. We were even allowed to eat and play in her class. She believed in teaching in a friendly environment rather than following the traditional strict culture. She also helped me in understanding of the American culture because I came from a different background and did not know enough about America. Socioeconomic status determines the quality of education and the type of instructions students receive at the school.
From the personal experience, it is felt that Anyon and Ross argument are indeed true and holds a lot of relevance.
Anyon and Rose had made a dedication and stated that the people in lower economic backgrounds have schools that reflect their ideology. There is a general complacency observed in the schools. These schools teach the students to observe a more aggressive stand and not focus of the scholastics. This was felt from a personal standpoint of studying in two schools. There is a definitive cultural difference that enabled better performance in the Encinal high school when compared to the schools in China. To conclude, Socio economic factors play an important role in the formation of school structure and continue to influence the students.

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澳洲大学申请文书写作方法-金纳米粒子的化学特性

澳洲大学申请文书写作方法-金纳米粒子的化学特性

金纳米粒子在光学、电子和分子等方面的独特性能使其成为研究的热点。它在电子、纳米技术、电子显微镜和材料科学等不同领域有着广泛的应用(Louis & Pluchery, 2012)。金纳米粒子的尺寸从5纳米到400纳米不等。Sau和Murphy(2005)注意到,有各种形状的金纳米粒子,如棒、立方体、线和棱镜,每一种都可以通过对生长步骤的谨慎控制来生长。棒状和球形纳米颗粒的长度和宽度分别为40×14 nm和74×14 nm,直径分别为14、30、50、74和100 nm (Brown, 2013)。

图:不同尺寸的金纳米颗粒(Brown, 2013)

金纳米粒子的一般性质

从直径1纳米到100纳米,金纳米粒子可以被合成成更多的尺寸。它的形状范围从1:1到1:5的纵横比。它们可以通过紫外-可见分光光度法、透射电镜(TEM)和电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法(ICP-AES)进行表征(Brown, 2013)。它们被用于靶向药物传递、细胞成像、治疗应用和癌症诊断。它们能以令人难以置信的效率吸收和散射光线。这些纳米粒子以各种各样的颜色存在,从红色、黑色和蓝色开始,也有无色的形式。金纳米粒子的颜色取决于形状、大小、聚集状态和局部折射率(Dykman & Khlebtsov 2011)。

澳洲大学申请文书写作方法-金纳米粒子的化学特性

Chemical characteristics of gold nanoparticles

The unique property of gold nanoparticles in terms of optical, electronic and molecular properties has made it a subject of research. It has a wider application in different areas like electronics, nanotechnology, and electron microscopy and material science (Louis & Pluchery, 2012). Gold nanoparticles have size ranging from 5nm to 400 nm. Sau and Murphy (2005) noticed that there are various shapes of gold nanoparticles like rods, cubes, wires and prisms each of which can be grown through cautious control over the growth step. rod-shaped and Spherical nanoparticles of length by width of 40 × 14 nm and 74 × 14 nm respectively and diameters of 14, 30, 50, 74, and 100 nm are available (Brown, 2013).

Figure: Different size of gold nano particles (Brown, 2013)

General properties of gold nanoparticles

Gold nanoparticles can synthesized at larger number of sizes starting from 1nm of diameter till 100nm of diameter. And its shape ranges from 1:1 to 1:5 aspect ratios. They can be easily characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometry, “Transmission Electron Microscopy” (TEM) and by “Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy” (ICP-AES) (Brown, 2013). They are used in targeted drug delivery, cell imaging, therapeutic application and cancer diagnostics. They can absorb and scatter light with unbelievable effectiveness. These nanoparticles exist in a wide variety of colours starting from reds, black, and blues also in colourless forms. The colours of gold nanparticles depend upon the shape, size, aggregation state, and local refractive index (Dykman & Khlebtsov 2011).