The application of the discourses of water policy is important. The different case studies have been discussed that employ the three aspects mentioned above in a different way. In one of the cases i.e. Athens, there have been concerns related to success of the policy, while in the other case of Sierra Leone, the disclosures have been successfully utilized. Athens was hit by severe drought in 1989 which persisted till 1991. During this period, several measures were taken up which paved way for marketization of the water as resource. The importance was already acknowledged as management of water resources was nationalized and priority was given to the domestic water supply.
The two aspects of the discourses for Water Governance Policy i.e. scarcity and marketization can be seen. Firstly, the scarcity of the water available for the public can be seen. As a result of this perceived scarcity, water was considered as economic resource which led to the policy changes. Secondly, the water tariffs were increased significantly up to 300%. More dams were constructed which would act as storage and regulating the movement or flow of water. The companies were also allowed to source water from rivers and lakes through tankers and pipes which would ensure increased and efficient supply of water. It is pertinent to note that water scarcity was considered as tool for the justification for implementation of the policy changes discussed above. In addition, the marketization of the water resources was taken into consideration. The government water company was privatized partially. Further privatization process for improving the availability of water and better water management was kept to be taken in future.
One of the aspects that can be seen is that the third discourse related to participation was absent as the new pricing system targeted high volume consumers. Thus, the pricing system was unsuccessful thereby highlighting importance of involvement of all the stakeholders. However, the policies were accepted at the time it was implemented due to threat induced water scarcity. This threat created the space for policies related to emergency acts and marketization of the water supply.