悉尼代写-雅典水政策

本文主要讲雅典水政策,水政策论述的应用是重要的。不同的案例研究以不同的方式运用了上述三个方面。在其中一个案例,即雅典,有人对政策的成功表示关切,而在塞拉利昂的另一个案例中,成功地利用了所披露的情况。1989年雅典遭受严重旱灾,一直持续到1991年。在此期间,采取了多项措施,为水资源市场化铺平了道路。人们已经认识到水资源管理的重要性,因为水资源的管理已被国有化,而且优先考虑家庭用水供应。本篇悉尼代写文章由澳洲论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

The application of the discourses of water policy is important. The different case studies have been discussed that employ the three aspects mentioned above in a different way. In one of the cases i.e. Athens, there have been concerns related to success of the policy, while in the other case of Sierra Leone, the disclosures have been successfully utilized. Athens was hit by severe drought in 1989 which persisted till 1991. During this period, several measures were taken up which paved way for marketization of the water as resource. The importance was already acknowledged as management of water resources was nationalized and priority was given to the domestic water supply.
The two aspects of the discourses for Water Governance Policy i.e. scarcity and marketization can be seen. Firstly, the scarcity of the water available for the public can be seen. As a result of this perceived scarcity, water was considered as economic resource which led to the policy changes. Secondly, the water tariffs were increased significantly up to 300%. More dams were constructed which would act as storage and regulating the movement or flow of water. The companies were also allowed to source water from rivers and lakes through tankers and pipes which would ensure increased and efficient supply of water. It is pertinent to note that water scarcity was considered as tool for the justification for implementation of the policy changes discussed above. In addition, the marketization of the water resources was taken into consideration. The government water company was privatized partially. Further privatization process for improving the availability of water and better water management was kept to be taken in future.
One of the aspects that can be seen is that the third discourse related to participation was absent as the new pricing system targeted high volume consumers. Thus, the pricing system was unsuccessful thereby highlighting importance of involvement of all the stakeholders. However, the policies were accepted at the time it was implemented due to threat induced water scarcity. This threat created the space for policies related to emergency acts and marketization of the water supply.

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