On the other hand 1948 became “1984” in the book of George Orwell. He gave a futuristic date by simple interchanging the last two numbers of 1948. The narration of the book represents the author’s vision of a futurist nightmare which is set in the city of London in the state of Oceania; at the background of post-war England (Amazon.com, 2016). The description in the book physically depicts of a city which has just emerged out of a shocking war against Hitler’s country Germany. The author has witnessed the German’s bombardment over the city as he spent most of the war time in London. So after the devastation recoveries were quite slow and there were ruined building everywhere and rationing was done on essential items and a new threat in the name of Soviet Russia was emerging on the eastern part of Europe. The novel is a science friction where “Big Brother” the leader of the party enjoys a superior position because of his personality. The inner party only works for its own benefits and is not interested in the good for others. The main protagonist of the novel “Winston Smith” works for the outer party and works for the “Ministry of Truth” (Movies and TV, 2014). Every building in the city has “Tele-screens” (Movies and TV 2014) and cameras to help the “thought police”(Movies and TV, 2014) to monitor anyone who moves against the party’s will. Winston works as an editor and is responsible for revision of the past history. He becomes keener to know about the past history and starts writing against the party. So he was punished for sure death on the other hand Julia a young lady who maintains the novel-writing machine secretly expressed her love feelings for Winston. Winston became part of a sting operation where he manipulated the though process.
The movie “Gattaca” talks about future whereas the book “1984” also talks about a future country where people can revisit and revision the history as per the command of the political party “inner party”. In both the cases the authors criticises the concept of future societies that has been created by the mutual effort of people and knowledge of technology (Orwell, 1949). The book is instilled with the fright of losing autonomy which has been echoed in the movie as a big anxiety: “their world is places where citizens are sorted, grouped and controlled by arbitrary decision making of government” (Orwell, 1949). In 1984, world every individual “accepted the lie that the party imposed” (Orwell, 1949) and authorized themselves to be controlled by “an unending series of victories over [their] own memory”(Orwell, 1949). Thus, it was nearly without a solution for the individuals who have an irregular sense of reality, to gain a comprehensible path for shaping their own future. The writer in his book urges that “who controls the past controls the future” (Orwell, 1949) so by removing authority from their past the government in “1984” removes people’s autonomy by ““Until they became conscious they will never rebel, and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious.” (Orwell, 1949). In the same way, the Gattaca’s government has “discrimination down the science” (Movies and TV, 2014). In the movie, genetic code determines the lives of individuals rather than the ambition of the people. However, in both the cases, the protagonist have different role to the government. However, both of them symbolically rejected the control of the government, and the philosophy conveyed by both is diagonally opposite to each other. The movie stated that people can conquer the strictures of an authoritarian society, while the book stated that people will never have sufficient power or courage to overpower or defeat social customs. The last line by Vincent clearly states “For someone who was never meant for this world, I must confess I’m suddenly having a hard time leaving it. Of course, they say every atom in our bodies was once part of a star. Maybe I’m not leaving… maybe I’m going home.” (Movies and TV 2014).
It can be concluded that the movie as well as the book both are science fiction and in both the cases the male protagonist are expert in their work. However, in case of “Gattaca”, it talks about a society which will be there in the future, whereas in case of “1984”, it revisits and rewrites the history and changes it.