It is considered to be ideal when the Senate and the House of Representative are controlled by different parties. In this situation it becomes easier for the ruling party to make governance decisions. If in the senate no party has a filibuster majority, there is gridlock that had occurred in the past owing to the fact that the theater is no minimum number in the lower houses to pass a legislation. This occurs when the party controls the upper house majority votes. There were gridlocks in the past owing to this paradigm (Gray, Hanson and Kousser 13). In January 2013, there was changes in 5 states, 1 new governor in Virginia and 12 new governors in January 2015. The guber national elections of 2016 was held in the states of Montana, New Hampshire, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Oregon, Delaware, Indiana, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina and North Dakota. Puerto Rico and American Samoa also had held a races. In the year 2016, the guber national elections occurred concurrently with the local elections, state and the federal states. These occurred along with the 2016 presidential election. In the 50 states there are different formative structure in the state legislations that function differently from each other.