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澳洲毕业论文代写-自闭症

澳洲毕业论文代写-自闭症

创造了“神经多样性”一词的哈维·布鲁姆认为,由于网络计算机组织生活的方式,世界正变得越来越自闭。自闭症是一系列的病症。越来越多的人在接触“自闭症”这个术语时,会把它当作一种医疗状况。与大众传媒有联系的人,以及接触到这一概念的人,会明白这不仅仅是一种条件。这是许多人的一种生活方式。当人们遭受来自谱系障碍的一些因素时,他们就会适应这种生活方式。那些没有因为自闭症谱系障碍而受苦的人将会以一种不同的方式适应在大众媒体上听到这个词。无论如何,人们不会以同样的方式看待自闭症。相互联系和网络给这个词带来了完全不同的含义和理解。这篇文章试图讨论神经多样性和自闭症在一个充满科技的社会的世界。

神经的多样性和自闭症

朱迪·辛格创造了自闭症这个词。然而,流行的并不是歌手版本。1988年,哈维·布鲁姆(Harvey Blume)在《神经多样性》(neurodiversity)杂志上提出了自闭症一词。哈维·布鲁姆在《大西洋月刊》的一篇文章中写道,

“神经多样性对人类来说可能和生物多样性对整个生命一样重要。谁能说哪种接线形式在任何时候都是最好的呢?例如,控制论和计算机文化可能偏爱某种程度上自闭的思维方式。简单地理解这一点会使人认为神经的多样性和社会的变化是一种适应形式。根据布鲁姆的说法,自闭症现在被认为是一种似乎必要的改变。这是一个有趣的讨论,将自闭症纳入一个不仅仅是残疾的社会模型。朱迪•辛格(Judy Singer)在她的著作《神经学上的不同》(neurologic Different)中试图产生一种类似的表现。在性别、阶级和种族的许多类别中,神经多样性的应用将提出另一个独特的观点。它将以更开放的思维探索残疾的社会模式。曾经被认为是精神疾病的疾病将不再被认为是精神疾病。神经源性疾病可以理解为一种适应。因此,头脑的紊乱是头脑的适应。它代表了另一种人类差异,如阶级、宗教、性别等。如果这些都是不同之处,那么世界就会接受它们作为社会秩序的一部分,并围绕它们运转。当一个人是男性或女性时,可能会根据他们的性别给予他们一些特权。同样,当一个人到了一定的年龄,他们可能会在商店获得额外的优惠,等等。这一切意味着,社会包容了所有的差异。社会呈现出包含这些差异的社会秩序。它让不同的人茁壮成长,让不同的人找到他们的生活方式和幸福。它鼓励差异,教会每个人包容和包容。对于自闭症或其他神经系统疾病,Judy建议使用类似的方法和理解。因此,神经多样性必须被视为一个词或概念,就像性别等概念一样。性别概念是一个强有力的话语主体。它打开了许多理解的途径。性别已被用来探讨压抑妇女、女性化、性别化研究和其他辩论的主题。同样,神经多样性也必须具有同样复杂的内涵。它应该在话语和大众传播中占有一席之地(Goldsmith et al., 2004)。作为人类自然差异的另一种形式,Judy展示了神经多样性,Blume展示了一个具体的例子。如果神经多样性是所有和任何有神经起源的精神疾病的总称,那么Blume在总称下给出了一个具体的例子。因此自闭症现在受到了更强烈的讨论。当与技术相结合时,它保证了个人更多的自由(Blume, 1997)。自闭症不再仅仅局限于医学研究领域,它将被认为是一种使人类多样化的概念,也许是一种必要的适应。

澳洲毕业论文代写-自闭症

Harvey Blume who coined the term neurodiversity suggests that the world is becoming more autistic as an effect of the way that life has become organized by networked computers. Autism is a spectrum of conditions. More often people who are getting introduced to the term ‘autism’ hear it as a medical condition. People who connect with mass media and who are introduced to the concept would understand that it is more than just a condition. It is a way of living for many people. People adapt to this way of living when they are suffering some elements of disorder from the spectrum. People who are not suffering because of autism spectrum would be adapting to hearing the word in mass media in a different way. Either ways, people would not see autism in the same way. Interconnections and networking lends a totally different meaning and understanding to the word. This essay attempts to discuss neurodiversity and autism in the world of a technology laden society.

Neurodiversity and Autism

Judy Singer was the one who coined the term autistic. However, it was not the Singer version that was popular. The term Autism was introduced into an issue of neurodiversity by Harvey Blume in the year 1988. In an article of the Atlantic, Harvey Blume wrote,

“Neurodiversity may be every bit as crucial for humans as biodiversity is for life in general. Who can say what form of wiring will prove best at any given moment? Cybernetics and computer culture, for example, may favour a somewhat autistic cast of mind” (Blume, 1998, para. 4). Understanding this in simple terms would make one think that the neurodiversity and changes in society are a form of adaptation. According to Blume autism is now represented as a seemingly necessary change. This is an interesting discussion in including autism into a social model of more than just disability. Judy Singer in her writing ‘Neurologically Different’ attempts to produce a similar representation. In the many categories of gender, class and race, the application of neurodiversity will present yet another singular perspective. It will explore social models of disability with a more open thinking. What was once considered as a mental disorder would no longer be considered so. Disorders that have neurological origins can be understood as an adaptation. A disorder of the mind thus is an adaptation of the mind. It represents one more human difference, like class, religion, gender etc. If each of these were differences, the world accepted them as part of the social order and works around them. When one is a male or a female then there are some sets of privileges that might be given to them based on their gender. Similarly, when one is of a certain age they might for instance get an extra concession in a shop, etc. What all this means is that, society has included all differences. Society presents social orders that encompass these differences. It lets the differences thrive and lets different people find their way of living and happiness. It encourages differences and teaches everybody tolerance and inclusion. Now in the case of autism or any other disorder of neurological origin, Judy suggests employing a similar approach and understanding. Neurodiversity hence must be treated as a word or concept that is like concepts like gender etc. The concept of gender is a powerful discourse subject. It opens much avenues of understanding. Gender has been used to explore topics of suppression of women, feminization, gendered studies and other debates. In a similar way, neurodiversity also must be given the same complex connotations. It deserves its own place in discourses and mass communication (Goldsmith et al., 2004). As an alternative form of natural human differences, Judy presents neurodiversity and Blume presents a specific example. If neurodiversity is the blanket term for all and any mental disorders that have a neuro origin, then Blume presents a specific example under the blanket term. So autism hence comes under a much stronger discourse now. It guarantees more freedom for the individual when combined with technology (Blume, 1997). Autism can no longer be considered only in the realm of medical studies, it will be considered as a concept that diversifies humans, a necessary adaptation maybe.

澳洲大学申请文书写作方法-金纳米粒子的化学特性

澳洲大学申请文书写作方法-金纳米粒子的化学特性

金纳米粒子在光学、电子和分子等方面的独特性能使其成为研究的热点。它在电子、纳米技术、电子显微镜和材料科学等不同领域有着广泛的应用(Louis & Pluchery, 2012)。金纳米粒子的尺寸从5纳米到400纳米不等。Sau和Murphy(2005)注意到,有各种形状的金纳米粒子,如棒、立方体、线和棱镜,每一种都可以通过对生长步骤的谨慎控制来生长。棒状和球形纳米颗粒的长度和宽度分别为40×14 nm和74×14 nm,直径分别为14、30、50、74和100 nm (Brown, 2013)。

图:不同尺寸的金纳米颗粒(Brown, 2013)

金纳米粒子的一般性质

从直径1纳米到100纳米,金纳米粒子可以被合成成更多的尺寸。它的形状范围从1:1到1:5的纵横比。它们可以通过紫外-可见分光光度法、透射电镜(TEM)和电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法(ICP-AES)进行表征(Brown, 2013)。它们被用于靶向药物传递、细胞成像、治疗应用和癌症诊断。它们能以令人难以置信的效率吸收和散射光线。这些纳米粒子以各种各样的颜色存在,从红色、黑色和蓝色开始,也有无色的形式。金纳米粒子的颜色取决于形状、大小、聚集状态和局部折射率(Dykman & Khlebtsov 2011)。

澳洲大学申请文书写作方法-金纳米粒子的化学特性

Chemical characteristics of gold nanoparticles

The unique property of gold nanoparticles in terms of optical, electronic and molecular properties has made it a subject of research. It has a wider application in different areas like electronics, nanotechnology, and electron microscopy and material science (Louis & Pluchery, 2012). Gold nanoparticles have size ranging from 5nm to 400 nm. Sau and Murphy (2005) noticed that there are various shapes of gold nanoparticles like rods, cubes, wires and prisms each of which can be grown through cautious control over the growth step. rod-shaped and Spherical nanoparticles of length by width of 40 × 14 nm and 74 × 14 nm respectively and diameters of 14, 30, 50, 74, and 100 nm are available (Brown, 2013).

Figure: Different size of gold nano particles (Brown, 2013)

General properties of gold nanoparticles

Gold nanoparticles can synthesized at larger number of sizes starting from 1nm of diameter till 100nm of diameter. And its shape ranges from 1:1 to 1:5 aspect ratios. They can be easily characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometry, “Transmission Electron Microscopy” (TEM) and by “Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy” (ICP-AES) (Brown, 2013). They are used in targeted drug delivery, cell imaging, therapeutic application and cancer diagnostics. They can absorb and scatter light with unbelievable effectiveness. These nanoparticles exist in a wide variety of colours starting from reds, black, and blues also in colourless forms. The colours of gold nanparticles depend upon the shape, size, aggregation state, and local refractive index (Dykman & Khlebtsov 2011).

悉尼代写-ADR在澳大利亚

悉尼代写-ADR在澳大利亚

ADR由多种类型组成,因此它在国内、国际、商业、消费和商业事务中更通用。ADR的不同程序有谈判程序、调解程序、调解和仲裁程序。这些程序中的每一个都被认为比法院命令的争端解决程序具有更好的优势。本文对“通过法庭程序而不是其他争端解决方式(ADR)更有效地解决国内和国际商业、消费者和商业事务中的争端”这一说法进行了反驳。通过利用现有的文献综述,该工作试图表明,通过使用替代争端解决方案,国内和国际冲突得到了更好的解决(Delgado, et al . 1985)。使用ADR后,时间、金钱、权力不对称问题、和解的恢复等诸多方面都得到了改善。虽然法院的干预和法律部门的意见形式仍然是必要的,但这一增加使ADR的决议形式更好。

ADR在澳大利亚

在澳大利亚,家庭和邻里纠纷以及ADR的使用已经取得了良好的结果。特别是在调解的情况下,可以看到在社区司法方面有许多有利的结果。就澳大利亚以及美国、英国等国际国家的研究而言,这是一个非常值得注意的事实。备选争端解决办法的定义是争端的参与者在其他方面聚集在一起,通过中立的第三方提供的援助来解决他们的争端的过程。然后,这些人会有系统地孤立争端问题,并试图在有关双方现有因素的基础上提出协商一致的解决办法。

悉尼代写-ADR在澳大利亚

ADR is made of many types and hence it is more versatile to use in the case of domestic, international, business, consumer and commercial matters. Some of the different processes of ADR are that of the negotiation process, the conciliation processes, mediation and arbitration. Each of these processes is seen to have better advantages than a court ordered dispute resolution. This essay is written by adopting a position of rebutting the statement that “It is more effective to resolve disputes in domestic and international business, consumer and commercial matters through court proceedings rather than alternative dispute resolution (“ADR”). By making use of existing literature review, the work attempts to show that domestic and international conflicts are better resolved by making use of the alternative dispute resolution (Delgado, et al 1985). Time, money, power asymmetry issues, recovery of settlements and many more other aspects becomes better by using ADR. Although court interventions and advice form from the legal department are still a necessity, the ADR form of resolution is made better by this addition.

ADR in Australia

In Australia in the context of family and neighbourhood disputes and the use of ADR has seen favourable results. Especially in the case of mediations it is seen that there are much favourable results in community justice. As far as studies concerned in Australia and other international nations such as the United States, the United Kingdom etc., it is a very noticeable fact. Alternative dispute resolution is defined as the process where the participants of the dispute come together in other to have their dispute resolved by means of the assistance offered by a neutral third party. Then it happens that the persons will systematically isolate the dispute issues, and will attempt to present a consensual settlement based on available factors for both the parties involved.

澳洲论文代写推荐-无谷蛋白饮食

澳洲论文代写推荐-无谷蛋白饮食

分析新产品或服务在选定市场环境中的机会,并以相关期刊文章和报告为依据

无谷蛋白产品的市场机会已经成熟。虽然无谷蛋白饮食被推荐给乳糜泻患者,但它正成为一种普遍的健康趋势。这种疾病导致永久性的谷蛋白不耐受。这种疾病的患者患有扁平和发炎的绒毛,这是一种位于小肠内壁的手指状突起。在健康人体内,这些绒毛有助于吸收和消化食物中的脂肪、蛋白质和碳水化合物等营养物质。腹腔病人表现出腹泻、胃痛、贫血、体重减轻和营养不良等症状(AIS Sports nutrition, 2009)。

根据最近的一些调查显示,有十分之一的澳大利亚人不吃含麸质食物。总计约180万人。人们发现,限制食用富含谷蛋白的产品可以带来更健康的生活。在这一数据中,妇女消费者占突出地位。然而,澳大利亚饮食指南声称,为了均衡饮食,食用谷物是非常必要的。为了确保儿童和成人每天的膳食纤维摄入量,使谷物成为饮食的一部分是很重要的。(Golley留言。)

根据一些研究作者的研究,无谷蛋白产品的市场仍有空缺。不同的地方有不同的食物供应。例如,在线食品商店提供100%的无谷蛋白产品。在一家普通的杂货店里,同样的东西的供应量大约是36%。一些更好的市场显示,41%的无谷蛋白产品可供选择,而大多数保健品商店自称约有94%的产品可供选择。这些产品也比含有普通小麦的产品更昂贵。例如,声称不含谷蛋白的意大利面或面包的价格可能是含有类似小麦的两倍。综上所述,我们可以说无谷蛋白产品在市场上的统一性很差,而且它们提供了一个利润更高的场所。(Lee, Ng, Zivin & Green 2007)。对无麸质食品的需求正在飙升。鉴于腹腔疾病患者人数显著而真实地增加,对无谷蛋白产品的需求短期内不会下降。还有其他一些不耐受和过敏也与食用面筋有关。食品工业正在取得进展,利用一些新的工艺和成分,如胶体、淀粉或树胶,制备无谷蛋白产品。(Gallagher, Gormley & Arendt 2004)。

澳洲论文代写推荐-无谷蛋白饮食

Analysis of opportunities for the new product or service in the chosen market environment substantiated by relevant journal articles and reports

The market opportunities for gluten-free products are ripe. Although the gluten-free diet is recommended for people who have coeliac disease but it’s becoming a common health trend. This disease spells permanent gluten intolerance. Patient of this disease suffer from flattened and inflamed villi, a small finger-like projections in the inner lining of small intestines. In a healthy person these villi helps in absorbing and digestion of nutrients like fats, proteins and carbohydrates from the food. Coeliac patients show symptoms such as diarrhea, stomach ache, anemia, weight loss and general lack of poor nutrition (AIS Sports Nutrition, 2009).

As per some latest surveys, it has come to light that out of ten normal Australian people one is avoiding gluten containing food. That sums up to about 1.8 million people. People find restraining consumption of gluten laden products that would lead to healthier life. In this data there is prominence of women consumers. However, the Australian Dietary Guidelines claims that for a balanced diet consumption of grains is very essential. To ensure daily fibre intake in a diet for both children and adults, it is important to make grains part of diet. (Golley n.d.)

According to some research authors the market still has vacancy for the gluten-free products. The various places have different availability of such food. For example online food stores have 100% availability of gluten-free products. The availability of the same in a normal grocery shop is about 36%. Some better markets show 41% gluten-free products available and most of the health stores boast availability of about 94%. These products are also more costly than normal wheat containing products. For example pasta or bread claiming to be gluten-free could be twice as expensive as similar wheat containing item. To sum up, we can say that the gluten-free products are poorly available in uniformity across market and also they present a venue of more profitability. (Lee, Ng, Zivin & Green 2007). There is a soaring demand for the products without gluten. In the view of the noticeable and genuine increase in the patients of coeliac disease the demand of gluten-free products is not going to go down any time soon. There are other intolerances and allergies also associated with the consumption of gluten. The food industry is making advances and preparing gluten-free products with the use of some novel procedures and ingredients like hydrocolloids, starches or gums. (Gallagher, Gormley & Arendt 2004).

澳洲论文代写价格-网络成瘾的影响

澳洲论文代写价格-网络成瘾的影响

这种成瘾不仅是当今一代人的行为变化,而且如果不加以控制,它可能成为一种临床精神障碍。网瘾使我们无法过正常的生活。浪费时间切断了与社会的联系,阻碍了我们孩子的成长。网络成瘾能够给人类带来的恐惧可以从一个成瘾的人在面对现实世界时找不到自己的位置这一事实来估计。我们的关系也受到这种放纵的影响。人们没有时间和他们所爱的人在一起,因为上网变得越来越有吸引力。它已经成为一个常见的网站在家庭和餐馆一样,甚至在餐桌上,一个家庭的所有成员都忙于他们的手机或平板电脑。新社会文化的更新和保持别人对你生活的更新就像毒品一样。对于一些人来说,把他们做的、吃的或看到的一切都放到社交媒体网站上已经成为一种强迫症。同样,网络游戏的冲动也让我们这代人的孩子身体越来越虚弱。从影响他们的视力到使他们成为内向的人,我们的孩子正慢慢成为数字世界的奴隶。孩子们正在忘记户外运动,因此很难教会他们团队合作、同情心和友谊等生活品质。如果我们成为网瘾的受害者,我们的成长也会受到影响。如果我们停止社交,我们也可能不再是一个社会。

与网瘾有关的问题是,一个网瘾患者往往会花更多的时间独处,留给身边的真实的人的时间更少。他们逐渐变得不善交际(Jacob,第4段)。研究还发现,沉迷于网络的人表现出高度的精神抑郁症状(Morrison & Gore,第121页)。一个抑郁和孤独的人寻求电脑和互联网的安慰,在那里他可以找到安慰,而他的隐私不被打扰。但渐渐地,这种舒适的方式变成了进一步抑郁、社交障碍和精神不适的原因。它已经变成了一种强迫性的恶性循环,并因此上瘾。

我能有效地理解我们这一代人面临的问题,以及我们即将面临的可能的问题。网络成瘾的影响可能会导致人类没有任何人类情感,缺乏对彼此的同情。

澳洲论文代写价格-网络成瘾的影响

Implications of Internet addiction

This addiction is not merely a behavioral change in today’s generation, but if it remains unchecked it could become a clinical mental disorder. Internet addiction is barring us from living a normal life. The wastage of time cuts off from society and how it is hampering growth of our children. The horrors internet addiction is capable of presenting to human beings can be estimated from the fact that an addicted person would not be able to find his place when faced with the real world. Our relationships are also getting affected by this indulgence. People are not able to make time for their loved ones because being online has become more attractive. It has become a common site in homes and restaurants alike that even at dining table all the members of a family are busy with their mobile phones or tablets. The new society culture of being updated and keeping others updated about your life is working as a drug. It has become compulsive for some people to put everything they do, eat or see on the social media sites. Similarly the compulsion of gaming online is making children of our generations physically weaker. From affecting their eye sights to making them introverts, our children are slowly becoming slaves of the digital world. Children are forgetting the outdoor games and thereby it’s getting difficult to teach them the qualities of life like team work, compassion and companionship. The very growth as a person could be affected if we fall prey to internet addiction. If we cease to socialize we might cease to be a society as well.

The problems related to internet addiction is that a person suffering from it tends to spend more time in solitary isolation, leaving less time to spend with real people around them. They gradually become socially awkward (Jacob, para.4). It is also observed that the people who find themselves addicted to internet shows high level of mental depressive symptoms (Morrison & Gore, pp.121). A depressed and lonely person seeks the comfort of computer and internet where he can find solace without his privacy being disturbed. But gradually that very means of comfort turns into the reason of further depression, social cut-offs and mental discomforts. It has become a vicious cycle of compulsion and hence an addiction.

I can effectively relate to the problems facing by our generation and possible problems that are staring to loom on us. Affect of internet addiction could give rise to human beings sans any human emotion and lack of empathy for each other.