China has been experiencing rapid urbanization since 1978 and this is creating major impacts, some of which could be irreparable in their extent. The lack of proper anticipation of labour demand has created more sporadic employees and this has raised the income gap between the rich and the poor. Other impacts include depleting natural resources, deteriorating water and air quality, consistent and excessive demand for roads, mass transits, and saving farmland along with addressing the threats of food and oil security issues. It is necessary for China to consider a policy shift now to accommodate the existent and perceived concerns of the future. It must change its governing standards, invest heavily in mass transit, curb the heavy usage of vehicles, invest into building smart and mixed use clusters where sustainable life is encouraged, farmlands are saved and food produce is secured with incentivised usage and encourage health upkeep with regular awareness campaigns.
China as the most populous country is facing the dual question of accommodating the rapidly growing urban population and keeping up with the types of growing demands of the urban dwellers. The primary reasons notified are the desire for economic growth that led rural dwellers to urban cities, indicating that the migration originates from the desire for economic growth. The growth in urban population has been contributed heavily by the rural influx in large quantity. The country is yet to see a permanent solution or a satisfactory solution for addressing the perceived and non-perceived demands of the current population, and whether the solution will be correctly implemented with the agreement of all stakeholders.
This research paper presents a detailed account of the issue of rural urban migration in China, its reasons, impacts, issues, and the worth and implementable nature of the solutions.