澳洲论文代写价格:非合作博弈与合作博弈

澳洲论文代写价格:非合作博弈与合作博弈

另一个合作游戏的例子是两家公司在合作开发新技术或新产品时进行协商。在这种情况下,假定两家公司都知道它们有不同的东西,并且它们需要彼此在一些核心竞争力方面提供帮助。例如,新技术的发展需要公司1的研发数据和公司2的原型才能成功,这里可以说公司想要形成一个联盟。公司之间没有互动来生产单独的产品;他们知道他们需要相互作用,因此他们继续下去,利用合作博弈论是有意义的。这两家公司将能够预先预料到它们需要合作,因此没有必要在这里遵循正式的程序。

澳洲论文代写价格:非合作博弈与合作博弈

非合作博弈情形的一个经济例子是在同一行业中工作的两种竞争形式。各公司将密切关注彼此的市场份额。这些公司将了解到任何形式的降价或中断,尽管它可以立即为他们创造最大的利益(如果是这样的话)。然而,也有可能出现问题,因为从长远来看,如果其他竞争对手降低价格,竞争对手就会面临亏损的风险。在考虑这种竞争性战争的风险时,公司不会有任何疏忽。类似地,以拍卖为例,在这里,投标人轮流并遵循严格的程序。他们这样做是因为他们知道他们需要一个最优的投标策略。如果有人干扰这一进程,它将对每个人产生非常严重的影响。

澳洲论文代写价格:非合作博弈与合作博弈

Another example of cooperative games is that of two companies negotiating when they want to go ahead with a joint investment for developing a newer technology or a product. This is a context where it is assumed that both the companies know that they have different things and they need assistance with some core competencies from one another. For instance, the development of the newer technology will need the R&D data of company 1 and the prototype of company 2 to succeed and here it could be said that the companies want to form a coalition. The firms are not interacting to make individual products; they know they will need to interact and hence it makes sense for them to go ahead and make use of a cooperative game theory. The two companies will be able to anticipate in advance that they need to cooperate and there was no need for them to follow formalized procedures here.

澳洲论文代写价格:非合作博弈与合作博弈

An economic example of a noncooperative game situation would be that of two competing forms working in the same industry. Firms will be closely monitoring each other’s market share. The firms will come to know of any form of price reduction or disruption, although it could create maximum benefits instantaneously for them (if is the case). However, there could be issues too, as the competitor’s risk losing in the long run if the other competitors lower their prices. In considering the risks associated with such a competitive war, the firm would not do anything negligently. Similarly, consider an auction as an example, here, the bidders take turns and follow a strict procedure. They do this because they know that they want an optimal bidding strategy. If one was to disturb the process, it would reflect very heavily on everybody.