澳洲论文格式:金融机构内部收益率的计量与管理

澳洲论文格式:金融机构内部收益率的计量与管理

远期合约是最基本的费率管理产品。远期利率协议(FRA)被认为是决定利率的收益或损失(Beets, 2004)。在FRA系统中,借款人或贷款人在单一未来数据中对利率风险进行探索,除非期限结构是平的,否则FRA在一系列数据中的定价是不同的。该方法的局限性在于解释过程中风险较大。

期货合同被认为是一个风险小得多的过程。在需要降低流动性风险或由于中介机构的存在而产生的违约风险的情况下,可以使用该工具。

澳洲论文格式:金融机构内部收益率的计量与管理

另一个被考虑的方法是交换。这是一种利率互换的交换,看起来像是FRA的组合,涉及到交易对手方对一组未来现金流的协议。最常见的利率是普通的互换计划。

期权是利率管理的另一种方法。这些就是期权合约。这是用来解决债务的基本安全问题的。结果表明,该工具对浮动利率贷款当事人的保护是有效的。此外,这被称为可调利率抵押贷款。有一组利率调用,称为利率上限。此外,这是利率组合,称为利率下限。一般的上限是买入,下限是卖出。因此,在这个过程中使用了交换、嵌入式选项和上限。

澳洲论文格式:金融机构内部收益率的计量与管理

The forward contract is the most essential rate management product. The Forward Rate Agreements (FRA) is found to be the determination of the gain or loss of the interest rate (Beets, 2004). In the FRA systems borrowers or lenders within the single future data are explored to interest rate risk, the FRA in a series is priced different rate unless the term structure is flat. The limitation of this method is that there is more risk involved in the interpretation.

The future contract is considered as a process that provides with considerably lesser risk. It is used in cases where there is a need to lessen the liquidity risk or default risk owing to the inclusion of the intermediary.

澳洲论文格式:金融机构内部收益率的计量与管理

Another method that is considered is the swap. This is an exchange of the interest rate swap and looks like a combination of the FRA and involved the agreement of the counterparties to a set of future cash flow. The most common kind of interest rate is the plan vanilla swap.

Options are another method of interest rate management. These are known the option contract. This is used to address the underlying security of the debt obligation. It is found that the instruments are useful for the protection of the parties involved in the floating rate loan. In addition, this is known as the adjustable-rate mortgage. There is a grouping of the interest rate calls that are referred as the interest rate cap. Furthermore, this is a combination of the interest rate that is referred as the interest rate floor. The general cap is a call and the floor is a put. Therefore, Swaptions, embedded options and caps are used in this process.