The art of governance in ancient China was based on the belief of the judgment on the part of God and even on the extravagance and temperance of the kings that was popularly known as ‘Heaven’s mandate’. The Shang rulers believed on the ruler-ship based on ‘deservedness’. The Shang’s seized the power of Hsia and provided ample justifications for the same. Shang believed that killing of the kings Chou and Chieh who were regarded as mutilators, cripplers and outcasts was a punishment for them and in no way was a regicide. The reason behind the fall of political dynasties was the misbehavior of the king because of which he does not deserve to rule anymore (Moral Authority and Coercive power, p 35). The dynastic cycle of the ancient China simply signifies the shift of the political fortunes of the specific social groups in which rulers gain and lose their claims of ruling as the moral authorities. On the other hand Ideological assaults were launched by the Mao and his associates on the systems related to traditional authority, authorities of politics and clan, religious authorities and even domination of women by men. This can be seen in the excerpts from the “Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Human”. The excerpts were “Overthrowing the Clan Authority of the Ancestral Temples and Clan Elders, The Religious Authorities of Town and Village Gods and the Masculine Authority of Husbands”( Mao Tse-tung Overthrows Religious Authority, 303). The political and economic oppression were confronted by the peasant associations which were formed by organizing the poor elements of the society.