Tikanga implies the need to place right practices for better lives. To achieve the complete use, application of rangatahi is important. In the daily lives, one has to explain the limits, impacts and rules of tikanga and its influence on the lives of people. This can encourage many people to follow this lifestyle (University of Otago, 2010). Further, people need to be insisted on adopting rangatahi so as to do only the right thing and follow right practices. Tikanga is gain knowledge and experience better lives out of experience since its evolution. The practice of tikanga lies between hapu (sub tribe) and iwi (tribe). They have commonality in hosting the visitors and handling things with patience.
Tikanga originates from dawn of time and is also the factor that influences the uniqueness of people. It decides the codes of conduct for various situations faced by people in life. For example, it has predefined codes for interaction with people, preparation of kai (food) and medicine and performance of kapa haka (Maori, 2015). Tikanga is a mere practical approach that requires people to etch the values in heart as removal of these customs can leave only tupuna with them. This can possibly affect the lifestyle in future.
Tikanga is based on kapapapa which has its history since 150 years in New Zealand. The mana in this kapapapa indicates a person’s geneaology. It defines the people with origins from waka and tupuna who are recognized for their values and deeds in life. Certain whanau (families) tend to originate from tupuna and they are recognized for their unique skills and abilities. Mana is an honor (Maori, 2015). The Maori culture indicates the need for a person to stay humble throughout the life and indicates examples of successful leaders who displayed their mana and set as role models to others.
The other values encouraged by Tikanga include Korero (the oral communication), Pohiri (greeting people), Tangihanga (funeral), kaumatua (practices that govern elders), games and poroporoaki (farewell). Tikanga perhaps has its principles associated with games like kites, string games, water sports, puppets and encourages art forms like music. It adds responsibility to kaumatua (elders) to share their knowledge and insist the legacy of this practice from their experiences and maintain with wisdom.