本篇文章主要讲述开放创新的影响，Christensen等人(1991)认为，开放创新的影响是通过多种因素获得的，尤其是在新兴市场(Craig & Douglas, 1997)。这些包括企业在市场体系中的地位，企业产品或服务在产品生命周期曲线上的地位，以及新生产技术引入所带来的附加值规模。本篇澳洲论文代写文章由澳洲论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理，供大家参考阅读。
According to Christensen et al. (1991), it has been concluded that the influence of open innovation is gained through various factors especially when it comes to the emerging markets (Craig & Douglas, 1997). These are inclusive of the firm position within the market system, a firm’s products or services position over the curve of product life cycle and the added value scale available by new production technologies introduction.
According to Elmquist et al. (2009), it has been proposed that open innovation is usually distributed among various distinct actors. According to Birkinshaw et al. (2011), it has been noted that several relationships management can imply open innovation cost to be high extremely. According to Freel (2006), open innovation is defined as any process which is related with the utilization of collaboration externally to support successful new production technologies development (Kafouros & Buckley, 2008). Such a view can exist in contrast with the view of the research Lazzarotti et al. (2001). He took a narrow notion of what comprises open innovation within his research on Italian manufacturers (Kiessling et al, 2009). Such researchers made use of cluster analysis for examining the two ranges of degree for which firms result in either sharing data with various firms or involve other organizations in every activity related to new product development.
Based upon their analysis, open innovation according to Lazzarotti et al. (2010) was proposed to be used for referring to organizations that collaborate with a lot of partners across every innovation process phase. The particular aim here is to develop newer products. Such a perspective can be contrasted with Lichtenthaler (2011) and Christensen et al. (2005). These latter researchers, were similar to Freel regard open innovation as a broad conception. From their perspective, any informational exchange between firms having the aim to enhance productivity by changing the processes or the products, needs to be regarded as products of open innovation itself (Knott et al, 2003).