These errors are called as fundamental attribution errors. The fundamental attribution error is based on the situation and is also based on whether people considering themselves or another in context. In the context of a positive outcome, an individual will end up attributing the positive outcome to their own personal qualities. The implication is that personal attributes pushed them to choose something. On the other hand, when a positive outcome is observed with respect to another, then the individual will attribute such an outcome as having happened because of the situation or circumstance. An erroneous self-affirmation is hence created (Steele, 1988). In the case of a negative outcome, the individual will not attribute the negative outcome to their own personal qualities. Instead, the individual will attribute such outcome to a situation or circumstance that made them act in a certain way. In the context of considering another, the individual will end up attributing the negative outcome to their personal qualities (Littlejohn and Foss, 2011). The individual will not make any leeway to understand the failure outcome in the case of another as arising from some negative situation and circumstance.