Functional theorists bolstered the ideology that the social role was a constructed role that enabled in the processes of role-learning, internationalization and in the socializing agencies. From the perspective of the social sciences, the body is a neutral surface on which the social symbolism is engraved into the minds of the people. The body is thus an unconstrained field that is related to the social action. Carrigan, Connell and Lee (1985) were among the first people who stated that the body was similar to a canvas where the surfaces can be imprinted or a landscape that can be drawn.
The literature on the male role in the societies was based on the aggregating ideologies of social perception. Then the theories in the later times proposed that the men in the societies should rethink in the form of consequent of the needs of the societies and their individual requirements. There should be the development of the contemporary society that fosters open communication and promotes egalitarianism without overlooking anyone in the process. Masculinity in itself is not a ominous threat to the society. In Carrigan, Connell and Lee (1985) there is discussion of the development of the sociology of the masculinity. The sex role theory cannot fully grasp the gender relationships and the development of concrete relationship between them (Bruni, Gherardi & Poggio, 2004).
The objective of this practice there is the development of the masculinity that is along three main dimensions. First is the power relationship between the men and the women. Women are considered to be a subordinate to the men in the societies. It was professed that this rule should change in the societies. The second factor is the role of the production in the gender divisions. Hegemony is considered to be the direct link between the gender order and the class order. It enables in the creation of economic incentive for the overt patriarchy existing in the societies. The next factor is the Cathexis. It is based on the dominant model of sexual practices and the innate desire of the people. The masculinity is found to assume a hegemonic position that is based on the social institutionalization of the people and the relationship between the people.