The resource that is evaluated for the purpose of understanding how useful a resource it is for teaching phonemic skills to learners is the “Ship or Sheep” by Ann Baker. This is a resource that can be applied extensively to teach pronunciation, intonation, stress, consonant understanding and more to English language students. While the strength of this resource is that it is very extensive, it is lacking in that it does not consider the issues faces by Chinese learners with consonants, their making up for final consonants, etc.
In this unit, the first exercise is the “target sound”. In this, Baker writes a description on how to create the target sound. In specific a sound of listening has been provided for and these provisions of the target sound /i/ will make it more intelligible to the Chinese student. The Chinese language however does not carry an equivalent for /i:/and /i/ and hence there is a high level of possibility that learners might indeed confuse these pairs (Swan & Smith, 2001). They might confuse such words as eat and it or bean and bin and this become a difficulty for Chinese students.
The exercise instructions want the teacher to take charge of presenting target sounds. Learners watch the mouth of the teacher in order to understand how they pronounce it, after which the learners would be able to see how to mimic this by making use of a mirror and practicing the pronunciations. Different positioning of the tongue will result in different forms of sounds and the students would be able to mimic the proper way to pronounce. Such activities are innovative and it would help the student vastly. As researchers like Nation & Newton (2009) argue these activities help improve student capabilities with respect to /i:/and /i/, since short and long vowels are not present for the Mandarin language speaker..