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论文代写:如何确定学术论文标题

论文代写:如何确定学术论文标题 大家都知道,标题对于一篇论文来说是十分重要的,好的标题能够为整篇论文加分,并且提起读者阅读兴趣。标题的选定看似容易,其实需要作者仔细的划分和总结才能吸引读者并且不跑题。那么,如何确定学术论文标题呢?

题名的作用主要有两方面:

吸引读者. 题名相当于论文的“标签”(label), 一般的读者通常是根据题名来考虑是否需要阅读摘要或全文,而这个决定往往是在一目十行的过程中做出的, 因此, 题名如果表达不当, 就会失去其应有的作用, 使真正需要它的读者错过阅读论文的机会.

题名撰写的基本要求

准确(Accuracy):题名要准确地反映论文的主要内容.

作为论文的“标签”, 题名既不能过于空泛和一般化, 也不宜过于烦琐, 使人得不出鲜明的印象. 如果题名中无吸引读者的信息, 或写得生涩难解, 就会失去读者; 反之, 题名吸引人, 读者就有可能会进一步阅读摘要或全文, 甚至复制并保存.

题名中准确的“线索”(keys)对于文献检索也至关重要, 在期刊目录和网络检索的论文清单中, 题名中的术语应是文章中重要内容的“亮点”。

简洁(Brevity):题名应当言简意赅, 以最少的文字概括尽可能多的内容.

清楚(Clarity):题名要清晰地反映文章的具体内容和特色, 明确表明研究工作的独到之处, 力求简洁有效、重点突出.

为表达直接、清楚, 以便引起读者的注意, 应尽可能地将表达核心内容的主题词放在题名开头.

题名中应慎重使用缩略语. 尤其对于可有多个解释的缩略语, 应严加限制, 必要时应在括号中注明全称. 对那些全称较长, 已得到科技界公认的缩写, 才可使用, 并且, 这种使用还应受到相应期刊读者群的制约。

题名的句法结构

题名通常由名词性短语构成, 其中的动词多以分词或动名词形式出现. 由于陈述句易使题名具有判断式的语意,通常也显得不简洁, 因此, 大部分编辑和学者都认为题名不应由陈述句构成.

为清楚、简洁地表达, 在题名所包含内容较多的情况下, 可采用主、副题名相结合的方法.

最后,正确选择论文标题,将会对论文起到画龙点睛的作用,也体现出作者对论文思路的整体把握。

更多关于澳洲论文代写的内容,点开主页栏目,即可快速获取论文代写相关资讯,如果各位有澳洲论文代写需求,可以咨询我们网站客服,24小时在线为您详细解答。

英语论文代写:建筑和景观设计

英语论文代写:建筑和景观设计

星光剧场是美国伊利诺斯州洛克福德市的一座露天剧场。它以演出和音乐会为特色而受欢迎。它非常受欢迎,因为它有一种可移动的屋顶。这是一个获奖的结构。为这种表演寻找观众的空间导致了一个室外剧院的建立。这形成了星光剧院,然后几个设计被考虑,以最终确定一个设计,可以用来建立开放的剧院。

项目3:详情:

City Creek经过精心设计和重新开发,以满足项目的需要,其中包括一个露天购物中心和其他设施。这帮助ZGF Architect构建了一个强大的开发水平和项目的成功。国家百货公司和其他设施使这个地方成为一个完整的整体项目。需要将重点放在维护项目及其景观和建筑上(Nate Oman, 2012)。通过这种方式,city creek已经被证明是一个成功的项目,对社会有几个好处。它还帮助创造了经济价值和发展,同时也被证明是对社会的有力支持。它帮助犹他州盐湖城创造了更好的价值和建筑认知度。

建筑与周围自然环境之间的互动是相当平衡的。它有助于形成更好的视野和更好的空间利用。动能建筑元素的使用帮助创造了更好的结构和实用性,因为结构可以使用可移动元素转换。可移动的屋顶使它成为一个平台,并在不同的季节用于不同的目的。

Gang建筑事务所考虑了不同的地点来建造一个像星光剧院一样大的结构。把百老汇搬到这个城市帮助伊利诺西斯市带来了更好更专业的剧院。非常重要的是要专注于创造一个更强大的建筑层次,它不仅能提供最大的效用,还能帮助有效地使用这个地方,并具有未来主义的愿景。

钢、水泥和玻璃主要用于星光剧院和城市小溪的形成和设计。它坚持最终的设计,被认为是一个国际水平的建设。虽然这一理念花了3年的时间才得以实施和实现,并在不同的阶段形成,但它成为了一个榜样建设。

活动屋顶是其中的一种,使用了动力建筑元素,在这个项目中形成了强烈的独特性。它导致了一个获奖结构的形成,这已经引起了对伊利诺斯市的欢迎。它还有助于在结构中建立更好的效用,这对剧院大有裨益。它已经形成了一个受欢迎的旅游景点,这是相当独特和革命性的。

英语论文代写:建筑和景观设计

Starlight Theatre is an outdoor theatre in Rockford, Illinosis, USA. It is popular for featuring shows and concerts. It is extremely popular as it has a one of a kind movable roof. It is an award winning structure. The scope for finding an audience for such performances led to the building of an outdoor theatre. This formed Starlight theatre and then several designs were contemplated on to finalize a design which could be used to build the open theatre.

Item 3: A detail:

The City Creek was well designed and redeveloped in order to suit the needs of the project with an open air mall and other facilities being a part of its design. This helped build a strong level of development and success of the project by ZGF Architect. The national department stores and other facilities have helped make the place a complete and holistic project. It is needed that the focus remains on maintaining the project and its landscape and architecture (Nate Oman, 2012). In this way, city creek has proven to be a successful project with several benefits to the society. It has also helped create economic value and development and at the same time proven to be a strong support for the society. It has helped create better value and architectural recognition for Salt Lake in Utah.

The interaction between the building and the natural environment around it is quite balanced. It helps form a better view and better utility of space as well. The usage of kinetic architecture elements has helped create better structure as well as utility as the structure can be converted using the movable elements. The movable roof helps make it a terrace and use it for various purposes in different seasons.

Various locations were considered for building a structure as large as the Starlight theatre by Studio Gang Architect. Bringing Broadway to the city helped bring better and professional theatre in the city of Illinosis. It became extremely important to focus on creation of a stronger level of architecture which could not just provide maximum utility but also help use the place effectively and with a futuristic vision.

Steel, cement and glass has been primarily used in the formation and designing of the Starlight theatre as well as the city creek. It adhered to the finalized design and was considered as an international level construction. Though the idea took 3 years of time to be implemented and realized, and it was formed in various stages, it became a role model construction.

The movable roof is one of its kind and the usage of kinetic architecture elements has helped form a strong level of uniqueness in this project. It has led to the formation of an award winning structure which has caused popularity to the city of Illinois. It has also helped build better utility into the structure which is of great benefit to the theatre. It has been formed as a popular tourist attraction which is quite unique and revolutionary.

新西兰论文代写

澳洲代寫:如何選定論文題目和課題

澳洲代寫:如何選定論文題目和課題 我們在寫論文的時候,首先要擬定一個題目,別看一個小小的題目,其作用是很大的,它決定了是否能吸引讀者閱讀你這篇文章。選題要求要題目新穎,準確表達出論文中心意思,這樣纔是一個優秀的論文標題。

選題通常有幾種:一種是與作者所從事的專業密切相關的選題,對此作者有實際工作經驗,有比較充分的發言權;一種是選題與作者專業關係不大,而作者掌握了一定的素材,又樂於探索的課題;還有一種是醫學科學情報工作者的研究成果。

題目不要過大,過大的題目一定要有諸多的內容來充實,過多的內容必然要查找大量的文獻,這不但增加閱讀、整理過程的困難,或者無從下手,或顧此失彼;而且面面俱到的文稿也難以深入,往往流於空泛及一般化。

實踐證明,題目較小的綜述穿透力強,易深入,特別對初學寫綜述者來說更以寫較小題目爲宜,從小範圍寫起,積累經驗後再逐漸寫較大範圍的專題。

此外,題目還必須與內容相稱、貼切,不能小題大作或大題小作,更不能文不對題。好的題目可一目瞭然,看題目可知內容梗概。

查閱文獻題目確定後,需要查閱和積累有關文獻資料。對初學者來說,查找文獻往往不知從哪裏下手,一般可首先蒐集有權威性的參考書,如專著、教科書、學術論文集等,教科書敘述比較全面。

其次是查找期刊及文獻資料,期刊文獻浩如煙海,且又分散,但裏面常有重要的近期進展性資料,吸收過來,可使綜述更有先進性,更具有指導意義。查找文獻資料的方法有兩種。

最後,查找到的文獻首先要瀏覽一下,然後再分類閱讀。有時也可邊蒐集、邊閱讀,根據閱讀中發現的線索再跟蹤蒐集、閱讀。

撰寫成文前應先擬提綱,決定先寫什麼,後寫什麼,哪些應重點闡明,哪些地方融進自己的觀點,哪些地方可以省略或幾筆帶過。重點闡述處應適當分幾個小標題。擬寫題綱時開始可詳細一點,然後邊推敲邊修改。多一遍思考,就會多一分收穫。

澳洲代寫:如何選定論文題目和課題

更多關於澳洲論文代寫的內容,點開主頁欄目,即可快速獲取論文代寫相關資訊,如果各位有澳洲論文代寫需求,可以諮詢我們網站客服,24小時在線爲您詳細解答。

澳洲论文代写价格

代写论文:文献综述

代写论文:文献综述

文献综述的目的是找到解决研究问题包括各种材料可以在当前主题的广告,其有效性以及如何在商业广告与其他变量如组织行为学、财务决策,营销策略等的分析研究(邓肯,2002)。广告对环境变量如竞争、经济联系等的影响将被研究(Vakratsas, Feinberg, Bass and Kalyanaram, 2004)。广告的长期后果及其成本效益将被研究(Hogan, Lemon and Libai, 2004)。广告的有效性可以通过两个基本模型来评估,二分模型和三维模型(Corvi和Bonera, 2010)。

根据泰晤士报的商业指导,可以用来改进广告的策略将使用广告的基本原理和原则(Wells, Spence-Stone, Crawford, Moriarty and Mitchell, 2011)。分析双寡头广告模式在小企业主各种期望方面的表现(Ding, Mei, Yao, 2012)。随着现代技术、互联网和社交媒体在广告中的应用,出现了必须有效处理的现代问题(Sheehan, 2013)。利用近期开发的动态广告模型(Huang, Leng, Liang, 2012),通过有效的广告来提高Time business Coaching的策略。

因此,在整个研究过程中,我们将运用文献综述的方法进行研究,目的是了解广告的主要问题的解决方案。这些文献将只包括来自高度可信和可靠的来源的作品。这些文字将被用来回答研究问题。虽然现有的文献对当前的研究课题是广泛的,但只有最相关的药剂将用于本研究。因此,这将不是一个详尽的文献,并将有进一步的范围研究。

4. 计划的研究方法

目前的研究涉及到与市场营销相关的问题,更具体地说是广告问题。本研究的主要目的是探讨《泰晤士报》商业辅导在吸引中小企业方面所面临的问题以及有效广告的可能解决方案。因此,本研究采用混合研究方法进行。这种混合方法包括初级或定量研究和次级或定性研究。定量研究是通过对悉尼地区的一些小企业主进行调查的形式进行的,定性研究是利用现有的关于广告主题的文献进行的(Neuman and Robson, 2011)。

4.1研究过程

为完成这项研究,将分阶段采取下列步骤:

研究的第一阶段是检查和评估各种文学材料可以对研究的主题广告领域的发展趋势,使用现代方法来促进公司的问题限制了中小企业利用商业顾问次业务培训等。

为研究问题是评估广告策略的小企业主在悉尼“次业务指导”,适当的文学问题会收集,理解的影响几个方面,小型企业的需求和计划功能领域的竞争组织的业务咨询。

为了进一步加强从文献综述中获得的知识,我们将使用精心设计的问卷进行详细的调查。这将旨在与悉尼地区随机选择的小企业主讨论有关的问题。

因此,在详细调查的结果和相关文献综述的有力支持下,本研究将回答研究问题。对收集到的内容进行推敲、分析和研究,为《泰晤士报》商业辅导目前面临的问题找到相关的解决方案和结论。

代写论文:文献综述

The literature review for the purpose of finding solutions to the research questions would include various material accessible on the current subject of advertising, its effectiveness and how advertising interacts with other variables in the business such as organisational behaviour, financial decisions, marketing policies, etc. which would be analysed for the research (Duncan, 2002). The effect of advertising on the environmental variables such as competition, economic conjuncture etc. would be studied (Vakratsas, Feinberg, Bass and Kalyanaram, 2004). The consequence of advertising in the long-term and its cost effectiveness would be studied (Hogan, Lemon and Libai, 2004). The effectiveness of advertising can be evaluated by two basic models, the dichotomous model and the three-dimensional model (Corvi and Bonera, 2010).

The strategies that can be used for improvement of the advertisement with respect to the Times Business Coaching would be developed using the advertising fundamentals and principles (Wells, Spence-Stone, Crawford, Moriarty and Mitchell, 2011). Aspects of the duopoly advertising model with respect to various expectations of the small business owners would be analysed (Ding, Mei and Yao, 2012). With the modern use of technologies, internet and social media in the advertising, there have emerged modern issues which must be handled effectively (Sheehan, 2013). The strategies for improvement of the business of Time Business Coaching through effective advertising would be done using the recently developed dynamic advertising models (Huang, Leng and Liang, 2012).

Therefore, the applicable literature review would be done as a portion of the entire research study, with the aim to understand the solutions of the major issues of advertising. These literatures used would only include the writings from highly creditable and dependable sources. These writings would then be used to answer the research queries. Although the literature available on the current research topic is wide, only the most relevant potion would be used for this study. Therefore, it would not be an exhaustive literature and would have further scope research.

4. Planned Research Methodology

The current research involves the study of issues related to the marketing and more specifically the issues of advertisement. The problems faced by the Times Business Coaching in attracting the small businesses and possible solution for effective advertisement is main aim of this research. Thus, the idea of hybrid research methodology is adopted for conducting this research. This hybrid method involves a primary or quantitative research and a secondary or qualitative research. The quantitative research is conducted in the form of survey of some of the small business owners in the region of Sydney and the qualitative research is done by using the literature available on the subject of advertisement (Neuman and Robson, 2011).

4.1 Research Procedure

For the completion of this research the following steps would be taken in the phase manner:

The first phase of the research is to examine and review various literary materials accessible with respect to the topic of research like the developing trends in the field of advertising, use of modern methods to promote companies, issues that limit the small businesses to make use of business consultants like Times Business Coaching etc.

As the research question is to evaluate the advertising strategy for small business owner of “Times Business Coaching” in Sydney, appropriate literary matters would be collected so as to understand the impact of several aspects, needs of small businesses and plans functional for the competitive organisations in the field of business consultation.

For further reinforcement of the knowledge obtained from the literature review, a detailed survey using the well-planned questionnaire would be conducted. This would aim to discuss the pertinent queries with the randomly selected small business owners in the region of Sydney.

Thus, with the outcome of the detailed survey and strong support of the applicable literature review the study would be done to answer the research questions. The content collected would be deliberated, analysed and examined to find relevant solutions and conclusions for the current issues faced by the Times Business Coaching.

澳洲论文代写价格

澳洲作业代写注意事项

澳洲作业代写注意事项 出国留学面对最大的难题莫过于论文写作了,而写出一篇响当当的论文是每一个留学生所梦寐以求的。其实,在论文写作过程中我们需要注意一些事项。那么,论文写作的注意事项有哪些呢?

1.格式

平时的小作业有essay 和 report 两种格式

essay — 结构分为introduction, main body, 和 conclusion. 不用太复杂的结构

Report —– 要有 executive summary, 结构要求很高,文章分为几个部分,每个部分都要有大标题,下面还要有副标题,等等。(可以参考一起附上的report例文的结构)

2.References问题

如果一段话中有超过三个词是引用的,就要表明 references. (如果完全是用自己的语言将别人的观点说出来了,引用的词是两个或更少,就可以不用标出references)。

1.如果整段要直接引用原话,要用引号标出,而且这样的引用的比率不能超过全文字数的5%。

2.全文注明references的文字,就是引用的文字不能超过全文字数的30%.

3.References (参考文献)可以是书,也可以是学术杂志上发表的文章,或者网上的文章,但是引用的文章最好大多数是近十年的文章,而且References一定要按照正确方法标注。

References 在文中是在文中用自己的话说出别人书中或文章中的内容后,用括号标出作者和年代,而在文后的references列表中一定要用Harvard references system的格式来标出参考文献。

澳洲人的思维是反方向的,所以,我们写东西也要这样。

得出结论的时候要把自己的观点放在最前面,因为自己的观点在他们的眼里才是最重要的,Reference要引用人说的东西,要放在自己观点后面,作为辅助,证明自己观点使用,不要他人家观点写出来,自己再作分析。

引用观点的时候不要整段引用,挑出关键词,多过3个字,要标明那里引用的,如果需要大量引用观点,不妨尝试把观点拆开引用,并且在每个观点之前先写上自己的观点,或者理解. 如果你引用不够三个字,可以不标明为Reference可以直接使用,当作自己的观点。

澳洲老师很喜欢表格,图表,等等,来表示各种数据,在他们看来这是专业的象征,所以只要是和数字有关的,不妨都多画一个图表,excel就可以帮你画里面什么样子的都有,立体的平面的,把你文章里的数据套进去就可以,尝试一下,效果不错,数据可以是你验证后得到的,也可以使自己估计的,详细地要文章解释。

更多关于澳洲作业代写注意事项的内容,点开主页栏目,即可快速获取论文代写相关资讯,如果各位有澳洲论文代写需求,可以咨询我们网站客服,24小时在线为您详细解答。